INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
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Gender-based violence against women with visual and physical disabilities

Eva del Río Ferres, Jesús L. Megías and Francisca Expósito

Universidad de Granada

Background: Studies conducted in several countries have documented that women with disabilities are more vulnerable to experience gender-based violence than women without disabilities. Method: A total of 96 women, 45 with visual disabilities and 51 with physical disabilities, were interviewed to determine the prevalence of violence and its possible relations with socio-economic, socio-demographic and disability-related factors. Possible consequences of violence in health and psychological well-being were also analyzed. Results: Results showed a higher prevalence of abuse in this group of women than the estimated prevalence in the general female population in Spain. Abused women were found to have lower income and higher levels of physical dependence and family responsibilities than non-victims. In addition, violence was associated with lower levels of emotional well-being, psychological health, self-esteem and perceived social support beyond those attributable to the disability. Conclusions: These results are discussed in light of some theoretical models that establish some links between disability and gender-based violence.

Violencia de género en mujeres con discapacidad física y visual. Antecedentes: investigaciones realizadas en distintos países señalan que las mujeres con discapacidad constituyen un grupo de mayor vulnerabilidad para sufrir violencia de género que las mujeres sin discapacidad. Método: un total de 96 mujeres adultas, 45 de ellas con discapacidad visual y 51 con discapacidad física, fueron entrevistadas para conocer la prevalencia de la violencia en este colectivo y su posible relación con factores socioeconómicos, sociodemográficos y relacionados con la discapacidad. Asimismo se analizaron las consecuencias que la violencia provoca en la salud y bienestar psicológico de las mujeres. Resultados: los resultados mostraron una mayor prevalencia de la violencia en esta muestra que el conocido para la población general de mujeres en España. Igualmente, aquellas que habían sido víctimas de violencia mostraron una peor situación económica, mayores niveles de dependencia física y mayores cargas familiares que las que no lo habían sido. Además, la violencia se asoció con peores niveles de bienestar emocional, salud psicológica, autoestima y apoyo social percibido en las mujeres entrevistadas, más allá de los atribuibles a su propia condición de discapacidad. Conclusiones: estos resultados se discutirán a la luz de algunos modelos que relacionan discapacidad y violencia de género.

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