Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psychometrical properties of the "How I Think" Questionnaire (HIT-Q) in adolescents

María Elena Peña Fernández1, José Manuel Andreu Rodríguez1, Álvaro Barriga2 and John Gibbs3

1 Universidad Complutense de Madrid,
2 Seton Hill University and
3 Ohio State University

Background: The How I Think Questionnaire (HIT-Q) was developed to measure the main categories of self-serving cognitive distortions. Method: The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the HIT-Q Spanish-Version. The sample consisted of 1.490 Spanish-speaking adolescents recruited from various schools in Madrid (Spain). The participants had a mean age of 15.37 years (SD = 1.67). Results: Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) showed that the underlying structure of the HIT-Q was best explained by a six-factor solution (Self-Centred, Blaming Others, Minimizing/Mislabelling, Assuming the Worst, Anomalous Responses and Positive Fillers). Conclusions: After examination of its psychometric properties, it was concluded that the Spanish version of the HIT-Q is a reliable and valid measure of self-serving cognitive distortions in Spanish adolescents.

Propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del Cuestionario "How I Think" (HIT-Q) en adolescentes. Antecedentes: el Cuestionario "How I Think" (HIT-Q) fue desarrollado para evaluar distorsiones cognitivas auto-sirvientes. Método: el presente trabajo analiza las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del HIT-Q en una muestra de adolescentes españoles. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 1.490 participantes (M = 15,37 años, DT=1,67), procedentes de distintos centros educativos de la Comunidad de Madrid. Resultados: el análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC) reveló que la estructura subyacente del HIT-Q fue explicada satisfactoriamente por un modelo factorial compuesto por seis factores (Sesgo egocéntrico, Culpar a los demás, Minimización/Etiquetado incorrecto, Asumir lo peor, Respuestas anómalas e Ítems positivos). Conclusiones: tras examinar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del HIT-Q, se concluyó que este instrumento proporciona una medida fiable y válida de las distorsiones cognitivas auto-sirvientes en adolescentes españoles.


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