Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
  • Address: Ildelfonso Sánchez del Río, 4, 1º B
    33001 Oviedo (Spain)
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Comorbidity of oppositional defiant disorder and anxiety disorders in preschoolers

Virginia Martín, Roser Granero and Lourdes Ezpeleta

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Background: The aim was to study the comorbidity of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and anxiety disorders (AD) among preschool children of the general population, and to assess the contribution of comorbidity to the child’s functional impairment. Method: 622 children were assessed at the ages of 3 and 5, through a diagnostic interview. They were clustered into three diagnostic groups: only ODD, only AD and comorbid ODD+AD. Results: At age 3, ODD was associated with specific phobia, OR = 4.7, 95% CI [1.4, 14.1], and at age 5, with any anxiety disorder, OR=3.9; 95% CI [1.8, 8.4]. ODD at age 3 was predictive of separation anxiety at age 5, OR=4.1; 95% CI [1.2, 14.3]. Comorbid ODD+AD cases showed a higher risk of functional impairment at school and in behavior toward others. Sex and socioeconomic status were not related to the diagnostic group. Conclusions: ODD+AD comorbidity can be identified in preschool children. Early identification of this association is needed to adequately treat the affected children.

Comorbilidad del trastorno negativista desafiante y los trastornos de ansiedad en preescolares. Antecedentes: se analiza la comorbilidad entre el trastorno negativista desafiante (TND) y los trastornos de ansiedad (TA) en preescolares de población general, y el deterioro funcional con que se asocian. Método: 622 niños fueron evaluados a los 3 y los 5 años con una entrevista diagnóstica. Se compararon 3 grupos diagnósticos: únicamente TND, únicamente TA y comorbilidad TND+TA. Resultados: a los 3 años se halló asociación entre TND y fobia específica (OR = 4.7, IC95%: 1.4÷14.1) y a los 5 años entre TND y TA, OR= 3.9; 95% IC [1.8, 8.4]. La presencia de TND a los 3 años fue predictiva de ansiedad de separación a los 5 años (OR = 4.1; IC95%: 1.2÷14.3). La comorbilidad se asoció con mayor deterioro funcional en la escuela y en el comportamiento hacia los demás. Sexo y nivel socioeconómico no se asociaron al grupo diagnóstico. Conclusiones: la comorbilidad TND+TA se puede identificar en edad preescolar. Es necesaria la detección temprana de estos trastornos para el adecuado tratamiento de los niños afectados.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2023:  SJR = 1.07;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)