Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Development and psychometric properties of the Resistance to Trauma Test (TRauma)

Javier Urra Portillo1, Sergio Escorial Martín2 and Rosario Martínez Arias2

1 CES Cardenal Cisneros and
2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Background: The Resistance to trauma Test: TRauma is an instrument designed to assess six dimensions involving personal strengths or resources that promote coping with difficult life situations. In addition, an overall score is obtained that is conceptually equivalent to the concept of resilience. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties and factorial structure of the TRauma in a sample of subjects affected by a traumatic event. Method: Participants were 222 people affected by a traumatic life event (36.5% males), with ages ranging between 18 and 71 years. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supports the theoretical internal structure proposed for the instrument. Moreover, the reliability coefficients of the six scales and the total score are both acceptable. Conclusions: Overall, the findings of this study support the use of the TRauma to measure factors of personal strengths and resilience. However, these results do not exhaust the validation process of the TRauma, and it is necessary to continue to seek empirical evidence.

Desarrollo y propiedades psicométricas del Test de Resistencia al trauma (TRauma). Antecedentes: el "Test de Resistencia al trauma: TRauma" es un instrumento que pretende evaluar seis dimensiones que suponen fortalezas o recursos personales que favorecen el afrontamiento de situaciones vitales difíciles. También se obtiene una puntuación global que sería conceptualmente equivalente al concepto de resiliencia. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las propiedades psicométricas y la estructura factorial del TRauma en una muestra de sujetos afectados por algún suceso traumático. Método: los participantes fueron 222 personas afectadas por algún suceso vital traumático (36,5% de varones), con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y los 71 años. Resultados: el análisis factorial confirmatorio apoyaría la estructura interna propuesta teóricamente para el instrumento. Además, los coeficientes de fiabilidad tanto de las 6 escalas como de la puntuación total son aceptables. Conclusiones: en conjunto, los hallazgos de este estudio avalan el uso del TRauma para medir factores de fortalezas personales y resiliencia. Sin embargo, estos resultados no agotan el proceso de validación del TRauma; es necesario seguir recabando evidencias empíricas.


Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3