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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psychometric characteristics of the Spanish version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire

Montse C. Ruiz1 and Anthony P. Watt2

1 University of Jyväskylä (Finlandia) and
2 Victoria University (Australia)

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ), which assesses cognitive and motivational functions of imagery use. Method: Participants were 361 athletes (234 male and 127 female) with a mean of age of 24.29 ± 7.76 yrs. Athletes were recruited from 31 sports across three competitive levels (i.e., regional, national, and international). Results: Confirmatory factor analyses of the 30-item five factor SIQ model revealed adequate fit to the data, c²(378) = 694.6, CFI = .91, TLI = .90, RMSEA= .05, SRMR= .05. Multivariate analyses of variance revealed that athletes of higher competitive level reported significantly higher levels of cognitive general and cognitive specific imagery. Conclusions: Overall, these results provide further support for the claim that the SIQ has a reproducible factor structure and internal consistency for measuring imagery use in Spanish athletes.

Características psicométricas de la versión española del Cuestionario sobre la Práctica en Imaginación en el Deporte. Antecedentes: la presente investigación describe las características psicométricas de la versión española del cuestionario sobre la práctica en imaginación en el deporte que evalúa funciones cognitivas y motivacionales del uso de la imaginación. Método: el estudio se realizó en una muestra de 361 deportistas (234 hombres y 127 mujeres) con una media de edad de 24.29 ± 7.76 años. Los deportistas competían en 31 modalidades a nivel regional, nacional o internacional. Resultados: un análisis confirmatorio inicial representando un modelo de cinco factores mostró un buen ajuste a los datos, c²(378) = 694.6; CFI = .91; TLI = .90; RMSEA= .05; SRMR= .05). Un análisis de varianza multivariante indicó que los deportistas de mayor nivel competitivo utilizaban de forma significativa mayores niveles de las funciones cognitiva general y cognitiva específica de la imaginación. Conclusiones: se demuestra evidencia empírica que indica que la versión española del cuestionario de la práctica en imaginación mantiene la estructural factorial original y una alta consistencia interna en deportistas españoles.

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