Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
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    33001 Oviedo (Spain)
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Effects of Cyberprogram 2.0 on "face-to-face" bullying, cyberbullying, and empathy

Maite Garaigordobil and Vanesa Martínez-Valderrey

Universidad del País Vasco

Background: The considerable prevalence of cyberbullying and its noxious effects on all those concerned reveals the need for programs to prevent and/or intervene in this type of violence. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of Cyberprogram 2.0 on "face-to-face" bullying, cyberbullying, and empathy. Method: A sample of 176 adolescents of the Basque Country (Spain), aged between 13 and 15 years, who studied Compulsory Secondary Education, was used. Of them, 93 were randomly assigned to the experimental condition, and 83 to the control condition. The study used a pretest-posttest repeated measures design with a control group. Before and after the program, two assessment instruments were administered. Results: The results confirmed that the program significantly stimulated: (a) a decrease in the amount of bullying and cyberbullying behaviors suffered and/or carried out (level of victimization, perpetration, aggressive-victimization); and (b) an increase in the capacity for empathy. Conclusions: The study provides evidence of the effectiveness of Cyberprogram 2.0 to prevent and reduce bullying and cyberbullying. The discussion analyzes aspects of the program that may account for the significant intervention effects.

Efectos del Cyberprogram 2.0 en el bullying "cara-a-cara", el cyberbullying y la empatía. Antecedentes: la relevante prevalencia del cyberbullying y sus nocivos efectos sobre todos los implicados evidencia la necesidad de plantear programas para prevenir y/o intervenir sobre este tipo de violencia. El estudio tuvo como objetivos evaluar los efectos de Cyberprogram 2.0 en las conductas de bullying "cara-a-cara", de cyberbullying y en la empatía. Método: se utilizó una muestra de 176 adolescentes del País Vasco (España), de 13 a 15 años, que cursan Educación Secundaria Obligatoria. Aleatoriamente, 93 fueron asignados a la condición experimental y 83 a la de control. El estudio utilizó un diseño de medidas repetidas pretest-postest con grupo de control. Antes y después del programa se administraron dos instrumentos de evaluación. Resultados: los resultados confirmaron que el programa estimuló significativamente: (a) una disminución de la cantidad de conductas de bullying y cyberbullying que se sufren y/o realizan (nivel de victimización, perpetración, victimización-agresiva); y (b) un aumento de la capacidad de empatía. Conclusiones: el estudio aporta evidencia de la eficacia de Cyberprogram 2.0 para prevenir y reducir el bullying y el cyberbullying. La discusión analiza aspectos del programa que pueden explicar los significativos efectos de la intervención.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2022:  SJR = 1.097;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)