Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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The effect of relational training on intelligence quotient: A case study

Rosa M. Vizcaíno-Torres1, Francisco J. Ruiz2, Carmen Luciano1, Juan C. López-López1,Adrián Barbero-Rubio1 and Enrique Gil1

1 Universidad de Almería and
2 Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz

Background: Relational training protocols based on Relational Frame Theory (RFT) are showing promising results in increasing intelligence quotient. This case study aimed at analyzing the effect of a training protocol in fluency and flexibility in relational responding on intelligence quotient with a 4-year-old child. Method: The child’s cognitive and psychomotor development was evaluated before and after the implementation of the training protocol using the McCarthy’s Aptitudes and Psychomotricity Scale (MSCA). The training protocol consisted of a multiple-exemplar-training (MET) in relational framing in accordance with COORDINATION (Phases 1 and 2), OPPOSITION (Phase 3 and 4), and COMPARISON (Phases 5 and 6). The MET protocol was implemented in approximately 12 hours throughout five and one half months. Results: The training was effective in establishing relational responding in OPPOSITION and COMPARISON frames as well as in promoting fluency and flexibility in all the three types of trained relations. After this training, the child showed an increase above 1.5 SD in the General Cognitive Index of the MSCA (from 106 to 131). Conclusions: This case study adds further empirical evidence of the potential of RFT training to improve cognitive abilities and intelligence.

El efecto del entrenamiento en comportamiento relacional sobre el cociente de inteligencia: un estudio de caso. Antecedentes: los protocolos de entrenamiento relacional basados en la Teoría del Marco Relacional (TMR) están mostrando resultados prometedores en el incremento del cociente de inteligencia. El objetivo de este estudio de caso fue analizar el efecto de un entrenamiento en fluidez y flexibilidad en comportamiento relacional sobre el cociente de inteligencia en un niño de 4 años. Método: se evaluó el desarrollo cognitivo y psicomotor del niño a través de las Escalas de Aptitudes y Psicomotricidad de McCarthy (MSCA). La intervención consistió en un entrenamiento relacional en múltiples ejemplos para enmarcar en COORDINACIÓN (Fases 1 y 2), OPOSICIÓN (Fases 3 y 4) y COMPARACIÓN (Fases 5 y 6). El entrenamiento se aplicó en 12 horas aproximadamente durante cinco meses y medio, y resultó eficaz en generar comportamiento relacional para enmarcar en OPOSICIÓN y COMPARACIÓN y en promover fluidez y flexibilidad en los tres marcos relacionales. Resultados: el niño mostró un incremento superior a 1.5 DT en el Índice Cognitivo General del MSCA (de 106 a 131). Conclusiones: este estudio añade evidencia al potencial de los entrenamientos basados en la TMR para mejorar las habilidades cognitivas e inteligencia.


Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3