Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Contingency management effects on delay discounting among patients receiving smoking cessation treatment

Sara Weidberg1, Reid D. Landes2, Carla López-Núñez1, Irene Pericot-Valverde1, Alba González-Roz1,Jin H. Yoon3 and Roberto Secades-Villa1

1 Universidad de Oviedo,
2 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and
3 Baylor College of Medicine

Background: Increasing evidence suggests that delay discounting may change following effective interventions. Nonetheless, previous studies that assessed the effect of contingency management (CM) on delay discounting are scarce, and their results are mixed. The current study assessed whether CM in conjunction with a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for smoking cessation was associated with changes in delay discounting at end-of-treatment and at 6-month follow-up compared to CBT alone. Method: One hundred and sixteen treatment-seeking smokers were randomly assigned either to CM + CBT (n = 69) or to CBT alone (n = 47). Participants completed delay discounting assessments at the intake, at end-of-treatment, and at 6-month follow-up. We evaluated CM’s effect on discounting with parametric and nonparametric methods. Results: Between-group analyses showed that none of the interventions changed delay discounting from intake to end-of-treatment or to 6-month follow-up. Nonetheless, some within-group analyses showed that the CM + CBT condition evidenced some degree of reduction. Conclusions: The current results suggest that CM intervention is not robustly associated with delay discounting changes. Future studies should address treatments that may potentially change delay discounting.

Efectos del manejo de contingencias sobre el descuento por demora en pacientes que reciben tratamiento para dejar de fumar. Antecedentes: la evidencia sugiere que el descuento por demora puede cambiar tras recibir intervenciones eficaces. No obstante, estudios previos que evaluaron el efecto del manejo de contingencias (MC) sobre el descuento por demora son escasos y presentan resultados mixtos. Se evaluó si el MC combinado con tratamiento cognitivo-conductual (TCC) para dejar de fumar se asoció con cambios en el descuento por demora al final del tratamiento y a los seis de seguimiento comparado con TCC. Método: Ciento dieciséis fumadores fueron asignados aleatoriamente a MC+TCC (n = 69) o a TCC solo (n = 47). Completaron la tarea de descuento por demora en la línea base, al final del tratamiento y a los seis meses de seguimiento. Evaluamos el efecto del MC en el descuento por demora con métodos paramétricos y no paramétricos. Resultados: Los análisis entre-grupos mostraron que ninguno de los tratamientos modificó el descuento por demora al final del tratamiento y a los seis meses de seguimiento. No obstante, algunos análisis intra-grupos mostraron que la condición de MC + TCC evidenció cierta reducción. Conclusiones: una intervención de MC no se asocia robustamente con cambios en el descuento por demora. Futuros estudios han de abordar qué tratamientos pueden modificarlo.


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