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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Explicative factors of face-to-face harassment and cyberbullying in a sample of primary students

Cristina María García Fernández, Eva Mª Romera Félix and Rosario Ortega Ruiz

Universidad de Córdoba

Background: Research has shown that there is a co-occurrence between bullying and cyberbullying in relation to certain variables that describe and explain them. The present study aims to examine the differential influence of individual and contextual variables on perception of the role played in the involvement in both phenomena. Method: Participants were 1278 schoolchildren (47.7 % girls) of primary education, aged 10 to 14 years (M=11.11, SD= 0.75). Results: Logistic regression analysis indicated that social adjustment, normative adjustment, disruptiveness, gender, and self-esteem explain a substantial part of the involvement in both violent phenomena as victims, aggressors, and bully/victims. Conclusions: The results are discussed regarding the weight that must attributed to individual versus contextual factors, concluding that the explicative weight of the immediate social elements and educational context may make the difference.

Factores explicativos del acoso cara a cara y del ciberacoso en escolares de primaria. Antecedentes: la investigación ha puesto de manifiesto cierta co-ocurrencia entre el bullying y el cyberbullying en determinadas variables que los describen y explican. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo examinar la influencia diferencial de variables individuales y de contexto en la percepción del rol jugado en la implicación en bullying y cyberbullying. Método: participaron 1278 escolares de Educación Primaria (47.7% chicas) con edades comprendidas entre los 10 y los 14 años (M = 11.11; DT=0.75). Resultados: los análisis de regresión logística señalaron que el ajuste social, el ajuste a las normas, la disruptividad, el género y la autoestima explican una parte sustancial de la implicación, en ambos fenómenos violentos, de víctimas, agresores y agresores victimizados. Conclusiones: se discuten los resultados en relación al peso que debe atribuirse a factores individuales frente a factores contextuales próximos, concluyéndose que el peso explicativo de los elementos sociales inmediatos y de contexto educativo pueden estar marcando las diferencias.

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