INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

PSICOTHEMA
  • Director: José Muñiz
  • Frequency:
         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
CONTACT US
  • Address: Ildelfonso Sánchez del Río, 4, 1º B
    33001 Oviedo (Spain)
  • Phone: 985 285 778
  • Fax: 985 281 374
  • Email:psicothema@cop.es

Gender and cultural effects on perception of psychological violence in the partner

Carmen Delgado Álvarez1, Benito Estrada Aranda2 and José Alfredo López Huerto2

1 Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (España) and
2 Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí (México)

Background: Studies reporting similar figures of couple (man-woman) violence and works questioning the validity of the instruments employed have generated controversy about the conceptualization of this construct. One of the critical issues is the different ways of perceiving violence between men and women, as well as its nature in the cultural context. This may affect self-reported answers. Method: A questionnaire evaluating the degree of violence perceived in ten kinds of psychological partner abuse was applied. 1750 students from Spain and Mexico, all of them randomly selected, completed  it. Results: Through MANOVA, greater perception of violence in the Spanish sample than in the Mexican one was obtained; in both countries, there was a greater perception in women than in men.  Effects of gender-culture interaction were obtained in four dimensions: Isolation, Sexual Pressure, Emotional Manipulation, and Dominance. Multidimensional scaling showed two perceived dimensions: (1) “Proactive-Passive Tactics”, stronger in the Spanish culture and (2) “Punitive-Emotional Tactics”, stronger in the Mexican culture. Conclusions: These results confirm gender-culture effects in perception of psychological violence in the partner.

Efectos del género y la cultura sobre la percepción de violencia psicológica en la pareja. Antecedentes: estudios que reportan cifras similares de violencia de pareja en mujeres y hombres, y trabajos que cuestionan la validez de los instrumentos utilizados, han generado controversia sobre la conceptualización de este constructo. Una de las cuestiones críticas es la diferente forma de percibir la violencia que tienen hombres y mujeres, así como la naturalización de la misma en el contexto cultural. Esto podría afectar a las respuestas de autoinforme. Método: se aplicó un cuestionario que evalúa el grado de violencia percibida en diez formas de abuso psicológico en la pareja. 1750 estudiantes de España y México, seleccionados por muestreo incidental, respondieron al cuestionario. Resultados: mediante MANOVA se obtiene mayor percepción de la violencia en la muestra española que en la mexicana, y en ambos países mayor percepción en las mujeres que en los hombres. Se obtienen efectos de interacción género*cultura en cuatro dimensiones: Aislamiento, Presión Sexual, Manipulación Emocional, y Dominación. El escalamiento multidimensional muestra dos dimensiones percibidas: (1) “Tácticas Proactivas-Pasivas” con mayor peso en cultura española, y (2) “Tácticas Punitivas-Emocionales” con mayor peso en cultura mexicana. Conclusiones: Estos resultados confirman los efectos del género y la cultura sobre la percepción de la violencia psicológica en la pareja.

PDF

Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3