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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
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Psychometric properties of the reading comprehension test ECOMPLEC.Sec

Ricardo Olmos Albacete1, José Antonio León Cascón1, Lorena Alicia Martín Arnal1, José David Moreno Pérez1, Inmaculada Escudero Domínguez2 and Fernando Sánchez Sánchez3

1 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid,
2 UNED and
3 TEA ediciones

Background: ECOMPLEC.Sec is a reading comprehension test for secondary students, conceived from a multidimensional perspective in line with large-scale educational surveys such as PISA or PIRLS. The objective of this study was to validate the theoretical model of ECOMPLEC.Sec. A bifactor model that postulates the existence of a general reading comprehension factor and three specific factors provided a good fit to the data. Method: 1,912 adolescents (13-18 years) participated in this study. Data analysis included construct validity via confirmatory factor analysis, and factors were regressed onto observed covariates for the interpretation of the constructs. Reliability was calculated from a non-linear SEM in order to justify the interpretability of the observed scale and subscale scores. Results: the bifactor model exhibited a significantly better fit to the data than the second-order model. Furthermore, construct validity analysis suggests the existence of specific reading comprehension factors. Finally, the reliability study also supports the idea of using a total score to obtain a measure of reading comprehension. Conclusions: ECOMPLEC.Sec displays a valid parsimonious factor structure, as well as metric properties that make it a suitable tool to assess reading comprehension.

Propiedades psicométricas de la prueba de compresión lectora ECOMPLEC.SEC. Antecedentes: ECOMPLEC.Sec es una prueba de comprensión lectora para estudiantes de Secundaria concebido desde una perspectiva multidimensional en consonancia con las pruebas educativas de gran escala como PISA o PIRLS. El objetivo de este estudio fue la validación del modelo teórico de ECOMPLEC.Sec. Un modelo bifactorial que presupone la existencia de un factor general de comprensión lectora y tres factores específicos ajustó adecuadamente a los datos. Método: 1.912 adolescentes (edades entre 13-18 años) participaron en este estudio. Los análisis estadísticos incluyen un análisis factorial confirmatorio cuyos factores se predicen por cuatro covariables con el fin de aportar significado a los constructos. La fiabilidad se abordó desde un modelo no lineal SEM para ayudar en la interpretación de las puntuaciones observadas de las escalas y subescalas. Resultados: el modelo bifactorial exhibió un ajuste significativamente mejor que el modelo factorial de segundo orden. Las evidencias de validez de constructo apuntan a la existencia de factores específicos de comprensión lectora. Conclusiones: ECOMPLEC.Sec muestra una estructura factorial parsimoniosa junto con unas propiedades psicométricas que hacen de ella una prueba adecuada para evaluar la comprensión lectora.

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Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2023:  SJR = 1.07;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)