Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
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Sex, gender roles and sexual attitudes in university students

Elena García-Vega, Rosana Rico and Paula Fernández

Universidad de Oviedo

Background: Previous studies usually refer to a greater repertoire of sexual behav-iors and a higher level of erotophilia in men than in women. The main goal of this work is to relate sex, gender roles and sexual attitudes to sexual behavior. Method: 411 un-dergraduate students (218 women and 193 men) at theof University of Oviedo (Spain) completed the following instruments: the Bem Sex Roles Inventory to operationalize the variable gender, the Sexual Inventory which reflects sexual behaviors, and the Sexual Opinion Survey about sexual attitudes. Results: 27% of the sample was typified as an-drogynous. There are were no differences in attitudes, either by sex (p= .50) or by gen-der (p= .77). Sexual behaviors depended on the degree of erotophilia (p= .000). Conclusions: the results suggest that, although regarding sex, the fact that women’s erotophilic attitudes  have increased their erotophilic attitudes, although they refer to more conventional sexual behaviors than mens’s attitudes. With regard to gender, a tendency towards androgyny is observed, androgynous women and men report positive attitudes towards sexuality. Gender could act as a mediator of sexual behavior through the attitudinal component.

Sexo, roles de género y actitudes sexuales en estudiantes universitarios. Antecedentes: la literatura especializada refleja un mayor repertorio de conductas sexuales y un mayor nivel de erotofilia en hombres que en mujeres. El objetivo central de este trabajo es analizar las relaciones entre el sexo de las personas, los roles de género y las actitudes sexuales hacia el comportamiento sexual. Método: 411 estudiantes universitarios (218 mujeres, 193 hombres) cumplimentaron los instrumentos: Inventario de Roles Sexuales de Bem,  Inventario sobre conductas sexuales y Sexual Opinion Survey sobre actitudes sexuales. Resultados: un 27% de la muestra se tipificó como andrógina. No se encontraron diferencias en las actitudes, ni por sexo (p= .50) ni por género (p= .77). Los comportamientos sexuales dependían del grado de erotofilia (p= .000). Conclusiones: los resultados sugieren que, respecto del sexo, aunque las mujeres han incrementado sus actitudes erotofílicas, si bien refieren un comportamiento sexual más convencional que los varones. Respecto al género, se observa una tendencia hacia la androginia, las mujeres y hombres andróginos refieren actitudes más positivas hacia la sexualidad. Se concluye que el género podría actuar como un mediador del comportamiento sexual a través del componente actitudinal.


Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3