Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
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Longitudinal effects of an intervention on perfectionism in adolescents

Carmen Bento, Ana Telma Pereira, Carolina Roque, Jorge Manuel Tavares Saraiva and António João Ferreira Macedo e Santos

University of Coimbra

Perfectionism is a personality disposition characterized by a person´s striving for flawlessness and the setting of excessively high performance standards. This trait has been associated with a broad range of psychopathological conditions. Consequently, prevention of its harmful effects must start early. Objective: To investigate if one group session to manage perfectionism has the effect of reducing the levels of this trait, two and six months later. Method: A community-based sample of 978 Portuguese adolescents from three different high schools completed a self-reporting questionnaire including the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, before and after one skill session. Three groups were formed: the intervention group received a skill session aimed at reducing perfectionism; control group 1 received a skill session aimed at healthy habits, and control group 2 received no intervention. Results: At baseline, no significant mean differences were found by gender or by school in Total Perfectionism or its dimensions. After one session to manage Perfectionism, the intervention group showed significant reduction in self-oriented perfectionism (SOP) scores, two months (p = .001) and six months later (p = .02). No significant reductions were observed in the control groups. Discussion: Our findings suggest that adolescents are sensitive to short interventions aimed at reducing perfectionism.

Efectos a largo plazo de una intervención sobre el perfeccionismo en adolescentes. Perfeccionismo es un rasgo de la personalidad caracterizado por la lucha por la perfección y la fijación de normas de rendimiento excesivamente altas. Se ha asociado con una amplia gama de condiciones psicopatológicas. En consecuencia, la prevención de sus efectos nocivos debe comenzar temprano. Objetivo: investigar si una sesión para manejar el perfeccionismo puede reducir los niveles de este rasgo, dos y seis meses más tarde. Método: una muestra comunitaria de 978 adolescentes, de tres secundarias, respondió a un cuestionario de auto-reporte incluyendo la Escala de Perfeccionismo Infantil y Adolescente antes y después de una sesión. El grupo de Intervención recibió una sesión orientada a reducir el perfeccionismo. El grupo control 1 una sesión sobre hábitos saludables y el grupo control 2 no recibió intervención. Resultados: al inicio, no se encontraron diferencias significativas de medias por género y por escuela. Después de una sesión para manejar el Perfeccionismo, el grupo de intervención mostró una reducción significativa en las puntuaciones del perfeccionismo auto-orientado, dos meses (p = .001) y seis meses después (p = .02). Sin reducciones significativas en los controles. Discusión: nuestros hallazgos sugieren que los adolescentes son sensibles a intervenciones cortas para reducir el perfeccionismo.


Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3