Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Stress, competence, and parental educational styles in victims and aggressors of bullying and cyberbullying

Maite Garaigordobil and Juan Manuel Machimbarrena

Universidad del País Vasco

Background: The family can be a protective/risk factor for violence. The study analyzes differences in family variables (parental stress, parental competence and parenting styles) among severe student victims, aggressors, cybervictims, and cyberaggressors (who have very frequently suffered or carried out bullying/cyberbullying behaviors in the past year) and those who have neither suffered nor carried out any aggressive behavior or only occasionally. Method: Participants were 1,993 students in the 5th-6th grade (9-13 years old). Results: Victims and aggressors of bullying had parents with higher levels of parental stress, who used more authoritarian educational styles (low affection, coercive discipline, high control), and more permissive practices (high affection/overprotection, low demand/control); parents of aggressors also had a lower level of parental competence. Cybervictims had parents with higher parental stress who used more permissive educational styles. Cyberaggressors had parents with a low level of parental competence. Conclusions: The family context is relevant for bullying/cyberbullying, but family variables have more influence on bullying than on cyberbullying.

Estrés, competencia y prácticas educativas parentales en víctimas y agresores de bullying y cyberbullying. Antecedentes: la familia puede ser un factor de protección o de riesgo de la violencia. El estudio analiza diferencias en variables familiares (estrés, competencia y prácticas educativas) entre estudiantes víctimas, agresores, cibervíctimas y ciberagresores severos (han sufrido y realizado muy frecuentemente conductas de bullying/cyberbullying en el último año) y aquellos que no han sufrido ni realizado ninguna conducta agresiva o esta ha sido ocasional. Método: participaron 1.993 estudiantes de 5º-6º curso (9-13 años). Resultados: las víctimas y agresores de bullying tenían padres con mayores niveles de estrés parental, utilizaban más prácticas educativas autoritarias (bajo afecto, disciplina coercitiva, alto control) y más prácticas permisivas (alto afecto/sobreprotección, baja exigencia/control); además los padres de los agresores tenían menor nivel de competencia parental. Las cibervíctimas tenían padres con mayor nivel de estrés parental y usaban más prácticas educativas permisivas. Los ciberagresores tenían padres con bajo nivel de competencia parental. Conclusiones: el contexto familiar es relevante para el bullying/cyberbullying, pero las variables familiares tienen mayor influencia en bullying que en cyberbullying.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2023:  SJR = 1.07;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)