Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
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Assessing aging stereotypes: Personal stereotypes, self-stereotypes and self-perception of aging

1 Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros, Ricardo Olmos1, Marta Santacreu2, Antonio Bustillos3, Rocío Schettini1, Carmen Huici3 and José Manuel Rivera4

1 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid,
2 Universidad Europea de Madrid,
3 Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia and
4 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Background: There is a broad semantic network of aging stereotypes; where different concepts and their measurement are confused: personal stereotypes, self-stereotypes and self-perception of aging. Method: First, we analyze the translated version of the Image of Aging Scale (IAS) measurement model through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, with two representative sub-samples of the Spanish population aged over eighteen (N = 1,105) and in a sample of gerontologists and geriatricians (N = 325). Second, in an effort to disentangle the theoretical relationships between personal stereotypes, self-stereotypes and self-perception of aging, both the IAS (with different instructions) and Lawton’s 5-item scale were administered to a representative sample of Spanish people over 50. Results: Our results indicate that the Spanish version of the IAS has a similar psychometric structure to that proposed by the authors. Furthermore, the factorial structure (equal form and metric invariance) is replicated in both samples, but latent means and factor correlations were higher in the professional group. Conclusions: We discuss Levy’s theoretical assumptions about personal-stereotypes and the self-stereotype measured with IAS and their relationship to self-perception of ageing.

Evaluando estereotipos del envejecimiento: estereotipos personales, auto-estereotipos y auto-percepción del envejecimiento. Antecedentes: existe una amplia red semántica sobre los estereotipos del envejecimiento; donde se confunden diferentes términos como: los estereotipos personales, auto-estereotipos y la auto-percepción del envejecimiento; así como la manera en que se evalúan. Método: con el objetivo de clarificar esta red semántica, se analiza la versión traducida del modelo de medición Image of Aging Scale (IAS) a través del análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio, en dos sub-muestras representativas de la población española mayor de 18 (N = 1.105) y en una muestra de gerontólogos y geriatras (N = 325). También se administran el IAS (con diferentes instrucciones) y la escala de 5 ítems de Lawton a una muestra representativa de españoles mayores de 50 años. Resultados: nuestros resultados indican que la versión española de la IAS tiene una estructura psicométrica similar a la propuesta por los autores. La estructura factorial se replica en ambas muestras, las medias latentes y las correlaciones de los factores fueron mayores en el grupo profesional. Conclusiones: se discuten los supuestos teóricos de Levy sobre los estereotipos personales y el auto-estereotipo medidos con el IAS y su relación con la auto-percepción del envejecimiento.


Impact Factor JCR SSCI Clarivate 2023 = 3.2 (Q1) / CiteScore SCOPUS 2023 = 6.5 (Q1)