Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
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Dimensions of parenting styles, social climate, and bullying victims in primary and secondary education

Fuensanta Cerezo, Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban, Consuelo Sánchez Lacasa, and Julián Jesús Arense Gonzalo

Universidad de Murcia

Background: Bullying as a construct is found to be related to a variety of individual, parental and academic factors. Familial factors include family environment, parenting style and parental involvement. The main aim of this study is to find out how Primary and Secondary Education students perceive parenting styles and social climate and if there are differences between pupils from these two educational stages. The study also considers the relationship between these perceptions of bullying victims and certain peer socio-affective factors. Method: Participants were 847 children and adolescents. School social climate and Family social climate were both evaluated using the Spanish version of Moos’ Family Social Climate Scale, and Parenting styles were evaluated according to the Parental Socialization Scale in Adolescence (ESPA29). Roles associated with bullying, and correlates of social reputation were measured using the Bull-S questionnaire. Results: There are differences in how primary and secondary education students perceive parenting styles and family climate. Conclusions: Parental factors are related to bullying victimization and socio-affective group variables (social preference, acceptance or rejection levels, and the number of friends). The study highlighs risk and protective factors for victimization.

Dimensiones de estilos parentales, clima social y víctimas de bullying en Educación Primaria y Secundaria. Antecedentes: considerado el bullying como constructo, encontramos relación con una variedad de factores individuales, parentales y académicos asociados. Los factores familiares incluyen el clima familiar y los estilos de crianza. El objetivo principal de este estudio es analizar cómo perciben los estilos de crianza y el clima social los estudiantes de Educación Primaria y Secundaria y si existen diferencias entre los estudiantes de estas dos etapas. El estudio también trata sobre la relación de estas percepciones entre las víctimas de bullying y ciertos factores socio-afectivos de los iguales. Método: participaron 847 jóvenes y adolescentes. El clima social familiar y escolar fueron evaluados utilizando la Escala de Clima Social Familiar de Moos y los estilos de Crianza de los Padres fueron evaluados de acuerdo a la Escala ESPA29. Roles asociados al bullying y reputación social se midieron mediante el cuestionario Bull-S. Resultados: se encuentran diferencias entre los estudiantes de Educación Primaria y Secundaria en la percepción de los estilos de crianza y clima familiar. Conclusiones: los factores parentales se relacionan con la victimización por bullying y con variables socio-afectivas del grupo (preferencia social, aceptación o rechazo y el número de amigos). Se señalan factores de riesgo y de protección de victimización.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2022:  SJR = 1.097;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)