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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Validity and reliability of the Parental Homework Management Scale

Jennifer Cunha1, Jianzhong Xu2, Pedro Rosário1 and José Carlos Núñez3

1 Universidade do Minho,
2 Mississippi State University and
3 Universidad de Oviedo

Background: Prior research has shown that parents help their children manage homework (i.e. environment, time, motivation and emotion management), especially in elementary school. However, researchers have not developed and validated a scale focused on those dimensions. Method: The purpose of the present study is to validate the Parental Homework Management Scale (PHMS) for parents of elementary school children in the domain of mathematics. A sample of 2,118 parent-child dyads was split randomly into two groups to conduct the analysis in two stages: (i) exploratory factor analysis on Group 1 and (ii) confirmatory factor analysis on Group 2. Results: PHMS is comprised of two distinct but related factors (i.e. environment-time and motivation-emotion management). Results further indicated that the PHMS was positively related to homework self-regulation and positive emotions, and negatively related to math achievement. Contrary to expectations, no relationship was found between PHMS and amount of student homework completed. Conclusions: The scale revealed good psychometric quality.

Validación y fiabilidad de la escala de gestión de tareas para casa para padres. Antecedentes: investigaciones previas revelaron que los padres ayudan a sus hijos a gestionar las tareas para casa (i.e., el ambiente, el tiempo, la motivación y las emociones), especialmente en la escuela primaria. Sin embargo, la investigación no ha construido y validado una escala enfocada en esas dimensiones. Método: el presente estudio valida el Parental Homework Management Scale (PHMS) para padres de niños de escuela primaria en el dominio de las matemáticas. Una muestra de 2,118 díadas padres-hijos se dividió aleatoriamente en dos grupos para realizar el análisis en dos etapas: (i) análisis factorial exploratorio en el Grupo 1 y (ii) análisis factorial confirmatorio en el Grupo 2. Resultados: PHMS está compuesto por dos factores distintos pero relacionados (i.e., gestión del ambiente-tiempo y de la motivación-emoción). Los resultados indicaron además que el PHMS se relacionó positivamente con la autorregulación y las emociones positivas en las tareas para casa, y se relacionó negativamente con el rendimiento en matemáticas. Contrario a las expectativas, no se encontró relación entre PHMS y la cantidad de tareas completadas por los estudiantes. Conclusiones: la escala ha revelado una buena calidad psicométrica.

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