Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Parental eating disorders symptoms in different clinical diagnoses

María Dolores Gómez Castillo1, José Antonio López Pina2, Ana Inmaculada Torres Ortuño2, Alicia López Durán2, and Jorge Javier Ricarte Trives3

1 Complejo Universitario Hospitalario Albacete,
2 Universidad de Murcia and
3 UCLM (Albacete)

Background: The influence of parents can be an important variable in the development of eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies exist which simultaneously assess parents and their children, especially in different clinical groups.  Methods: Our study examines the differences in ED symptoms as measured on the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), in parents and their children as patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), unspecified eating disorder (UED) and a control group (CG). Results: The mothers in the clinical group scored higher in ineffectiveness, interoceptive awareness, maturity fears, social insecurity and impulse regulation than the mothers in the control group. The patients’ fathers scored higher on impulse regulation than those in the control group. In addition, the fathers of patients in the BN group scored higher than the fathers of patients in the UED group in body dissatisfaction. They also scored higher in impulse regulation than the fathers of patients with AN. Ineffectiveness and impulse regulation were the variables in which patients’ scores were most similar to their parents. Conclusions: These results show the presence of ED psychological variables in both parents, not just mothers. Prevention and intervention activities for eating disorders must be designed to also give an active role to the father. 

Síntomas parentales de trastornos de la conducta alimentaria en distintos diagnósticos clínicos. Antecedentes: la influencia parental puede ser un importante factor en el desarrollo de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA). Sin embargo, existen muy pocos estudios que evalúen de forma simultánea a ambos progenitores (padre y madre), así como a sus hijos y, de forma específica, que comparen  grupos con diferentes diagnósticos clínicos. Método: este estudio analiza diferencias en síntomas de TCA medidos mediante el Eating Disorder Inventory 2 (EDI-2), tanto en padres como madres y sus respectivos hijos. Éstos se dividieron en: pacientes con diagnóstico de anorexia nerviosa (AN), bulimia nerviosa (BN), trastorno de la conducta alimentaria no especificado (TCANE) y grupo control (GC). Resultados: las madres de los grupos clínicos puntuaron más alto en ineficacia, consciencia introceptiva, miedo a la madurez, inseguridad social e impulsividad en comparación con las madres del grupo control. Ineficacia e impulsividad fueron las variables con mayor coincidencia entre pacientes y sus progenitores. Conclusiones: estos resultados ponen de manifiesto la presencia de variables de funcionamiento psicológico que podrían estar asociadas con TCA también en padres de pacientes. De esta forma, las actividades de intervención en estos pacientes deberían diseñarse para otorgar un papel activo no solo a las madres sino también a sus padres.


Impact Factor JCR SSCI Clarivate 2023 = 3.2 (Q1) / CiteScore SCOPUS 2023 = 6.5 (Q1)