Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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A psychosocial analysis of relational aggression in Mexican adolescents based on sex and age

Ana Romero-Abrio1, Belén Martínez-Ferrer1, Juan Carlos Sánchez-Sosa2, and Gonzalo Musitu1

1 Universidad Pablo de Olavide and
2 Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León

Background: This paper aims to identify predictive variables of relational aggression related to the individual, family and school environment in Mexican adolescents according to sex and age. Method: A total of 8,115 Mexican adolescents (51.5% boys), aged 11 to 16 years old (M = 13.34 years, SD = 1.040), selected by proportional stratified sampling. Results: From a stepwise regression analysis it was observed that the main predictors of relational aggression were non-conformist self-perception of social reputation, psychological distress, attitude toward institutional authority and offensive communication with the mother. Conclusions: Relational aggression underlies important explanatory dimensions for the prevention of school aggression, such as social reputation and psychological distress, which have been little explored in this field of study.

Un análisis psicosocial de la violencia relacional en adolescentes mexicanos en función del sexo y la edad. Antecedentes: este estudio tiene como objetivo identificar las variables predictoras de la violencia relacional relacionadas con el ámbito individual, familiar y escolar en adolescentes mexicanos, en función del sexo y la edad. Método: participaron 8.115 adolescentes mexicanos (51,5% chicos), de 11 a 16 años (M= 13.34 años; DT= 1.040), seleccionados a partir de un muestreo estratificado proporcional. Resultados: a partir de un análisis de regresión múltiple por pasos se observó que los principales predictores de la violencia relacional fueron la autopercepción no-conformista de la reputación y el malestar psicológico, la actitud hacia la autoridad institucional y la comunicación ofensiva con la madre. Conclusiones: en la violencia relacional subyacen dimensiones explicativas relevantes para la prevención de la violencia escolar como son la reputación social y el malestar psicológico que, sin embargo, han sido poco exploradas en este ámbito de estudio.


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