INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
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The contemporary view of intellectual and developmental disabilities: Implications for psychologists

Robert L. Schalock1, Ruth Luckasson2, and Marc J. Tassé3

1 Hastings College (USA), 
2 University of New Mexico (USA), and
3 The Ohio State University (USA)

Background: The field of intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is currently experiencing a significant transformation that encompasses an integrated approach, especially regarding shared aspects such as a focus on the human and legal rights, the eligibility for services and supports, and an emphasis on individualized supports provided within inclusive community-based environments. Accompanying this transformation is the increased need of precision in both the operational definitions of IDD-related constructs, and the terminology used to describe the respective construct. Method: the specialized literature was revised, and previous works on the subject by the authors were updated. Results: This article provides psychologists with the current definition of intellectual disability, operational definitions of intellectual disability and developmental disabilities constructs and associated terminology, and the parameters of an integrated approach to disability. Conclusions: Implications for psychologists who are involved in diagnosis, classification, and planning supports for persons with intellectual or developmental disability are discussed.

La visión contemporánea de las discapacidades intelectuales y del desarrollo: implicaciones para psicólogos. Antecedentes: el campo de la discapacidad intelectual y del desarrollo (DID) experimenta en la actualidad una significativa transformación que implica un enfoque integrado, especialmente en lo que se refiere a aspectos compartidos como el enfoque en los derechos humanos y legales, la elegibilidad para recibir servicios y apoyos, y el énfasis en los apoyos individualizados proporcionados en entornos comunitarios inclusivos. Esta transformación se acompaña de una creciente necesidad de precisión en cuanto las definiciones operativas de los constructos relacionados con la DID y la terminología utilizada para describir cada uno de ellos. Método: se ha revisado la literatura especializada y se han actualizado los trabajos previos de los autores sobre el tema. Resultados: este artículo proporciona a los psicólogos la definición actual de la discapacidad intelectual, las definiciones operativas de los constructos de discapacidad intelectual y discapacidades del desarrollo, así como de la terminología asociada, y los parámetros de un enfoque integrado de la discapacidad. Conclusiones: se discuten las implicaciones para los psicólogos involucrados en el diagnóstico, la clasificación y la planificación de apoyos a personas con discapacidad intelectual o del desarrollo.

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