Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
  • Address: Ildelfonso Sánchez del Río, 4, 1º B
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Trait and ability emotional intelligence as predictors of alcohol consumption in adolescents

Sara González-Yubero, Raquel Palomera Martín, and Susana Lázaro-Visa

Universidad de Cantabria

Background: Past studies have suggested that emotional intelligence (EI) is a new construct that may help to explain alcohol abuse. This study is one of the first to examine the predictive capacity of both trait and ability EI, based on the Mayer and Salovey model, with regards to distinct variables of alcohol consumption in an adolescent population. Method: A survey was conducted on 844 school children who completed a self-report and performance-based EI test, as well as a selection of items on alcohol consumption. Results: Regression analyses revealed that trait EI was the most predictive. Clarity and emotional Repair showed significant negative correlations with alcohol consumption, as opposed to emotional Attention. Likewise, the abilities of Perceiving and Using emotions were found to be protective factors for consumption in schoolchildren. Conclusion: The results suggest that trait and ability EI are complementary dimensions that may help in the understanding and intervention of alcohol abuse in adolescents. The results are discussed in the EI research context, as well as their educational implications and future research lines.

Inteligencia Emocional rasgo y habilidad como predictores del consumo de alcohol en la adolescencia. Antecedentes: diversas investigaciones muestran que la inteligencia emocional (IE) es un nuevo constructo que puede ayudar a explicar el consumo abusivo de alcohol. El presente estudio es uno de los primeros en examinar la capacidad predictiva de la IE rasgo y de la IE habilidad, basada en el modelo de Mayer y Salovey, sobre diversas variables de consumo de alcohol en población adolescente. Método: se realizó una encuesta a 844 escolares que cumplimentaron un autoinforme y un test de rendimiento máximo de IE, así como una selección de ítems de consumo de alcohol. Resultados: los análisis de regresión revelaron que la IE rasgo fue la más predictiva. La Claridad y la Reparación emocional mostraron relaciones significativas negativas con el consumo de alcohol, al contrario que la Atención emocional. Asimismo, la habilidad de Percepción y Facilitación emocional resultaron ser factores protectores del consumo en los escolares. Conclusión: los resultados sugieren que la IE rasgo y habilidad son medidas complementarias que pueden ayudar en la comprensión e intervención sobre el problema del abuso del alcohol en la adolescencia. Se discuten los resultados en el contexto de la investigación sobre la IE, así como su implicación educativa y futuras líneas de investigación.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2023:  SJR = 1.07;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)