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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Intervention in Syntactic Skills in Pupils with Developmental Language Disorder

Víctor M. Acosta-Rodríguez, Gustavo M. Ramírez-Santana, Sergio Hernández Expósito, and Ángeles Axpe Caballero

Universidad de La Laguna

Background: The main objective of this research has been to verify the effectiveness of an intervention program on syntactic skills of pupils with typical development and with developmental language disorder. Method: A total of 99 five-year-old pupils from schools of Tenerife (Spain) participated. The CELF-4 Recalling Sentences, Formulated Sentences, and Sentence Structure subtests were used. The intervention program consisted of 40 sessions implemented by teachers and speech language therapists. Three levels of practice were organized: in the ordinary classroom (large group and small group) and in the support classroom. Results: Pupils diagnosed with developmental language disorder initially performed worse on syntax than those with typical development. In addition, the goodness of an intervention program was verified especially for Recalling sentences, and, to a lesser extent, for Sentences Structure, which improves in the experimental group with typical development as well as in the control and experimental groups with language development disorder. Conclusions: A collaborative and inclusive intervention program that uses implicit techniques favors the improvement of certain aspects of the syntactic processing of pupils with developmental language disorder.

Intervención en Habilidades Sintácticas en Alumnos con Trastorno del Desarrollo del Lenguaje. Antecedentes: el objetivo principal de esta investigación ha sido verificar la efectividad de un programa de intervención sobre las habilidades sintácticas de los alumnos con desarrollo típico y con trastorno del desarrollo del lenguaje. Método: participaron 99 alumnos de cinco años de colegios de Tenerife (España). Se utilizaron los subtests del CELF-4 Recordando oraciones, Formulación de oraciones y Estructura de oraciones. El programa de intervención consistió en 40 sesiones implementadas por profesores y logopedas. Se organizaron tres niveles de práctica: en el aula ordinaria (grupo grande y grupo pequeño) y en el aula de apoyo. Resultados: los resultados indicaron que los alumnos diagnosticados con trastorno del desarrollo del lenguaje presentaron inicialmente un peor rendimiento en la sintaxis que aquellos con desarrollo típico. Además, se comprobó la bondad de un programa de intervención especialmente en Recordando oraciones, y en menor medida, para Estructura de oraciones, que mejora en el grupo experimental con desarrollo típico y en los grupos control y experimental con trastorno del desarrollo del lenguaje. Conclusiones: un programa de intervención de naturaleza colaborativa e inclusiva que recurre a técnicas implícitas favorece la mejora de determinados aspectos del procesamiento sintáctico de alumnado con trastorno del desarrollo del lenguaje.

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