Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
  • Frequency:
         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
  • Address: Ildelfonso Sánchez del Río, 4, 1º B
    33001 Oviedo (Spain)
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"Haters back off!" Psychometric Properties of the Coping with Cyberhate Questionnaire and Relationship with Well-being in Spanish Adolescents

Manuel Gámez-Guadix1, Sebastian Wachs2, and Michelle Wright3

1 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid,
2 Universität Potsdam, and
3 Pennsylvania State University

Background: Cyberhate is a growing form of online aggression against a person or a group based on race, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, gender, religion, or disability. The present study aims to examine psychometric properties of the Coping with Cyberhate Questionnaire, the prevalence of coping strategies in Spanish adolescents, differences in coping strategies based in sex, age, and victim status, and the association between coping with cyberhate and adolescents’ mental well-being. Method: The sample consisted of 1,005 adolescents between 12 and 18 years old (Mage = 14.28 years, SD = 1.63; 51.9% girls) who completed self-report measures on coping strategies, victimization status, and mental well-being. Results: The results of confirmatory factor analyses showed a structure for the Coping with Cyberhate Questionnaire composed of six factors, namely Distal advice, Assertiveness, Helplessness/ Self-blame, Close support, Technical coping, and Retaliation. It demonstrated acceptable internal consistency. The three most frequently endorsed coping strategies were Technical coping, Close support, and Assertiveness. In addition, lower Helplessness/Self-blame, and higher Close-support, Assertiveness, and Distal advice were significantly related to adolescents’ better mental well-being. Conclusion: Prevention programs that educate adolescents about how to deal with cyberhate are needed.

Propiedades Psicométricas del Cuestionario de Afrontamiento del Ciberodio y su Relación con el Bienestar en Adolescentes Españoles. Antecedentes: el ciberodio es una forma creciente de agresión online contra una persona o un grupo por motivos de raza, etnia, nacionalidad, orientación sexual, género, religión o discapacidad. El presente estudio examina las propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Afrontamiento del Ciberodio, la prevalencia de estrategias de afrontamiento en adolescentes, las diferencias en función del sexo, la edad y el estatus de víctima, y la asociación entre las estrategias de afrontamiento del ciberodio y el bienestar. Método: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 1.005 adolescentes entre 12 y 18 años (edad media = 14,28 años, DT = 1,63; 51,9% chicas) que completaron autoinformes sobre estrategias de afrontamiento, victimización y bienestar psicológico. Resultados: los análisis factoriales confirmatorios mostraron una estructura para el Cuestionario de Afrontamiento de Ciberodio de seis factores: Consejo distal, Asertividad, Indefensión/Autoculpa, Apoyo cercano, Afrontamiento técnico y Venganza, con una consistencia interna adecuada. Las estrategias de afrontamiento con mayor frecuencia fueron el Afrontamiento técnico, el Apoyo cercano y la Asertividad. Finalmente, una menor Indefensión/Autoculpa y un mayor Apoyo cercano, Asertividad y Consejo distal se relacionaron significativamente con un mayor bienestar de los adolescentes. Conclusión: es necesario implementar programas de prevención que eduquen a los adolescentes en cómo afrontar con el ciberodio.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2023:  SJR = 1.07;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)