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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Assessment of Adaptive Performance and its Role as a Moderator of the Relationship Between Person-Organization Fit and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors

Arantxa Gorostiaga1, Nekane Balluerka1, and Alexander Rodríguez-López2

1 University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU and
2 Provincial Council of Alava

Background: Adaptive performance is of central interest for today’s organizations, insofar as employees increasingly need to be able to adjust their behaviors to dynamic, changing work situations. The aims of this study were to develop a Spanish adaptation of Charbonnier-Voirin and Roussel’s (2012) scale for measuring adaptive performance, and to examine whether the dimensions of adaptive performance moderate the relationship between person-organization fit (PO fit) and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). We hypothesized that the relationship between PO fit and OCBs would be stronger in individuals with a higher level of adaptive performance. Method: The sample comprised 678 employees (65% women) in the public sector in the Basque Country. They ranged from 21 to 63 years old (M = 44.63; SD = 7.66). Results: The Spanish version of the scale has good psychometric properties. Furthermore, the Interpersonal Adaptability dimension of adaptive performance moderates the relationship between PO fit and OCBs directed both at the organization and at individuals, following the expected direction. The relationship between PO fit and OCBs directed at individuals was also moderated by the Reactivity in the Face of Emergencies dimension. Conclusions: We discuss the practical implications of these results in the field of personnel selection.

Evaluación del Desempeño Adaptativo y su Rol Moderador en la Relación entre el Ajuste Persona-Organización y la Ciudadanía Organizacional. Antecedentes: el desempeño adaptativo es una variable crucial en las organizaciones actuales dado que la flexibilidad y la capacidad de adaptación son necesarias en un entorno laboral tan dinámico y cambiante como el actual. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron adaptar al castellano el instrumento de Charbonnier-Voirin y Roussel (2012), que mide el desempeño adaptativo y examinar si las dimensiones que configuran el desempeño adaptativo moderan la relación entre el ajuste persona-organización (PO fit) y las conductas de ciudadanía organizacional (OCBs). Se pronosticó que la relación entre PO fit y OCBs sería más intensa en aquellas personas con mayor desempeño adaptativo. Método: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 678 empleados/as (65% mujeres) del sector público del País Vasco, con edades comprendidas entre 21 y 63 años (M = 44.63; SD = 7.66). Resultados: los resultados muestran que la versión española de la escala posee buenas propiedades psicométricas. Además, la dimensión Adaptabilidad Interpersonal del desempeño adaptativo modera la relación entre el PO fit y las OCBs. En la predicción de las OCBs dirigidas a otros individuos, la Reactividad ante emergencias también modera la relación. Conclusiones: se discuten las implicaciones prácticas que pueden tener en el ámbito de la selección de personal los resultados derivados del estudio.

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Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 3.890 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3