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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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The Role of Psychological Maturity and the Big Five Personality Traits in the Victimization Through Indirect Aggression

Fabia Morales-Vives, Jorge-Manuel Dueñas, and Pere J. Ferrando

Universitat Rovira i Vigili

Background: Peer victimization is a problem that affects adolescents worldwide. Since so few studies have been made on the relationship between maturity and indirect peer victimization, the main objective of this study was to determine if maturity provides incremental validity beyond the personality traits when predicting indirect victimization. Another objective was to test a model of how all these variables are related to depressive symptomatology and life satisfaction. Method: 548 high school students completed five questionnaires. We performed correlations, multiple regression analysis and structural equation analysis. Results: The hierarchical regression analyses show that maturity has incremental validity in predicting indirect peer victimization. Two personality traits (emotional stability and agreeableness) and two maturity factors (identity and self-reliance) were major predictors of indirect peer victimization. The hierarchical regression analyses also show that major predictors were the same for girls and boys. The Structural Equation Model tested had a good fit, which suggests that indirect victimization increases depressive symptomatology and decreases life satisfaction. Conclusions: The results suggest that both personality traits and psychological maturity have to be taken into account when predicting indirect peer victimization. The study also shows the emotional suffering related to this victimization.

El Papel de la Madurez Psicológica y los Cinco Grandes Factores de Personalidad en la Victimización Mediante Agresiones Indirectas. Antecedentes: la victimización a través de agresiones indirectas es un problema que sufren adolescentes de todo el mundo. Dado que se han realizado pocos estudios sobre la relación entre madurez y victimización indirecta, el principal objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar la validez incremental de la madurez en la predicción de la victimización, más allá de la predicha por los rasgos de personalidad. Otro objetivo es evaluar cómo se relacionan estas variables con la depresión y la satisfacción con la vida. Método: 548 adolescentes contestaron cinco cuestionarios. Se realizaron correlaciones, análisis de regresión y análisis de ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados: las regresiones jerárquicas muestran que la madurez tiene validez incremental en la predicción de la victimización indirecta. Dos rasgos de personalidad (estabilidad emocional y amabilidad) y dos factores de madurez (identidad y autonomía) son los principales predictores en ambos sexos. El modelo de educaciones estructurales evaluado presenta un buen ajuste, lo que sugiere que la victimización aumenta la sintomatología depresiva y disminuye la satisfacción con la vida. Conclusiones: tanto los rasgos de personalidad como la madurez psicológica se han de tener en cuenta para la predicción de la victimización indirecta. El estudio también muestra el sufrimiento relacionado con esta victimización.

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