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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Measurement Invariance and Validity of the Satisfaction with Life Scale in Informal Caregivers

F. Javier García-Castro1, Rebecca Bendayan2, and María J. Blanca1

1 University of Málaga and
2 King’s College London (London, U.K.)

Background: The number of informal caregivers within ageing population is increasing and there is a growing research interest to promote their well-being, and therefore there is a need for adequate measurement tools. We aim to provide validity evidence of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) in a representative sample of British older adults, including measurement invariance across caregivers and non-caregivers. Method: Data was drawn from English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). The sample consisted of 3,754 caregivers and 4,036 non-caregivers. The structure and measurement invariance were tested through a confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability and validity evidence based on relationships with other variables were also analysed. Results: Our results supported the one-factor structure of the SWLS, CFI = .996; NNFI = .993; RMSEA = 0.081, and measurement invariance across caregiving status. McDonald’s omega was .93. Scores on the SWLS were positively correlated with quality of life, positive social support, and self-reported health, and negatively with loneliness, depression, negative social support, difficulties in activities and instrumental activities of daily living, and number of health conditions. Conclusions: These findings provide new psychometric evidence to support the use of the SWLS in research which focuses on caregivers and on the comparison with non-caregiver samples.

Invarianza Métrica y Validez de la Escala de Satisfacción Vital en Cuidadores Informales. Antecedentes: el número de cuidadores informales mayores está aumentando y existe un creciente interés en la investigación sobre su bienestar, para lo cual es necesario disponer de instrumentos adecuados de medida. Se pretende proporcionar evidencias de validez de la Escala de Satisfacción Vital (SWLS) en una muestra representativa de mayores de la población británica, incluyendo invarianza factorial entre cuidadores y no cuidadores. Método: los datos se extrajeron del English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Participaron 3.754 cuidadores y 4.036 no cuidadores. La estructura y la invarianza factorial se evaluaron mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio. También se analizaron la fiabilidad y la validez basada en la relación con otras variables. Resultados: los resultados apoyaron la estructura unifactorial del SWLS, CFI = .996; NNFI = .993; RMSEA = 0.081, y su invarianza factorial entre cuidadores y no cuidadores. El omega de McDonald fue .93. Se encontraron correlaciones positivas con calidad de vida, apoyo social positivo y salud percibida, y negativas con soledad, depresión, apoyo social negativo, dificultades en actividades y actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria y problemas de salud. Conclusiones: los hallazgos proporcionan nueva evidencia empírica que apoya el uso del SWLS en investigación centrada en cuidadores.

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Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 3.890 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3