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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Validation of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) for Multidimensional Assessment of Subjective Well-Being in Spanish Adolescents

José A. Piqueras1, Verónica Vidal-Arenas2, Raquel Falcó1, Beatriz Moreno-Amador1, Juan C. Marzo1, and Corey L. M. Keyes3

1 Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche,
2 Universitat Jaume I, and
3 Emory University, Atlanta (USA)

Background: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a multidimensional instrument designed to capture emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It is one of the self-report measures of international use in clinical practice and research, although so far it has no validation in Spanish-Speaking adolescents. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze the reliability and validity evidence (structure, convergent and criterion), and the temporal and gender invariance of the MHC-SF in Spanish adolescent population. Method: Two assessment moments with a 6-month time interval were used, with an initial sample of 5,479 adolescents and a later sample of 2,129. Results: The CFA showed optimal fit for the bi-factor model, and an adequate fit for correlated three-factor model. The results of the gender and temporal invariance analysis showed optimal fit. Reliability coefficients were all higher than .77. The MHC-SF presented significant positive associations (p < .001) with indicators of well-being (r > .60) and negative associations with indicators of psychological distress (r > -.21). Conclusions: The MHC-SF shows evidence of reliability and validity in Spanish adolescents, being the bi-factor model invariant through time and across gender groups.

Validación de la Versión Abreviada del Mental Health Continuum (MHC-SF) para la Evaluación Multidimensional del Bienestar Subjetivo en Adolescentes Españoles. Antecedentes: el Continuo de Salud Mental-Versión Abreviada del Mental Health Continuum (MHC-SF) es un instrumento multidimensional que evalúa el bienestar emocional, psicológico y social. Es una de las medidas de autoinforme más utilizadas a nivel internacional en clínica e investigación, aunque hasta el momento no dispone de validación en adolescentes hispanohablantes. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la fiabilidad y la evidencia de validez (estructural, convergente y de criterio), así como la invarianza temporal y de género del MHC-SF en población adolescente española. Método: se utilizaron dos momentos de evaluación con un intervalo temporal de 6 meses, con una muestra inicial de 5.479 adolescentes y una muestra posterior de 2.129. Resultados: los CFA mostraron un ajuste óptimo para el modelo bifactorial y adecuado para el modelo de factores correlacionados. Los resultados del análisis de invarianza de género y temporal mostraron un buen ajuste. Se observaron coeficientes de consistencia interna superiores a .77. El MHC-SF presentó asociaciones positivas significativas (p < .001) con los indicadores de bienestar (r > .60) y negativas con los de malestar psicológico (r > -.21). Conclusiones: el MHC-SF muestra evidencias de fiabilidad y validez en adolescentes españoles, siendo el modelo bifactorial invariante en el tiempo y entre grupos de género.

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