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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psychiatric Hospitalization for Attempted Suicide and Reattempt at the One-Year Follow-Up

Adriana Goñi-Sarriés1, Nora Yárnoz-Goñi2 and José J. López-Goñi3

1 Red de Salud Mental de Navarra, Servicio Navarro de Salud-Osasunbidea,
2 Servicio Aragonés de Salud. Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, and
3 Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Pública de Navarra

Background: People hospitalized for suicide attempt (SA) have a high risk of repeating and committing suicide during the first months after discharge. The aim of this study is to compare the usual treatment (TAU) with a TAU supplemented with a telephone follow-up programme (TAU + T). Method: multicentre, open-trial, ex post facto pre-post prospective study that compared two samples of 90 (TAU) and 101 (TAU + T) people admitted in 2018-2019 for attempted suicide in two psychiatry units after one-year follow-up. Repeated SAs were analysed. Results: A total of 31.4% (n=60) of the sample attempted suicide at least once during follow-up, with no differences between the units. A total of 32.5% (n=62) were readmitted during the following year, 15.6% of those readmissions were due to new suicide attempts. In TAU, the highest proportion of reattempts was among those diagnosed with personality disorders (77.8%) vs. other diagnoses (28.4%). In TAU + T, the highest proportion was found among those with previous SAs (50%) vs. those admitted for the first SA (4.4%). Conclusions: people admitted to psychiatric units for a first SA seem to benefit from TAU + T as it was associated with a lower recurrence of SA after discharge.

Hospitalización Psiquiátrica por Intento de Suicidio y Reintento al Año de Seguimiento. Antecedentes: las personas hospitalizadas por un intento de suicidio (IS) tienen un riesgo alto de repetir/consumar el suicidio en los meses siguientes al alta. El objetivo de este estudio es comparar un tratamiento habitual (TAU) con un TAU complementado con un programa de seguimiento telefónico (TAU + T). Método: estudio multicéntrico, abierto, ex post-facto pre-post prospectivo de dos grupos que comparó dos muestras de 90 (TAU) y 101 (TAU+T) personas ingresadas en 2018-2019 por IS tras un año de seguimiento. Se analizó las repeticiones de los IS. Resultados: el 31,4% (n=60) realizó al menos un intento de suicidio en el seguimiento, sin diferencias entre los dos centros. El 32,5% (n=62) reingresó en el año siguiente, de ellos el 15,6% debido a nuevos intentos. En TAU, la mayor proporción de reintentos se dio entre quienes estaban diagnosticados de trastornos de personalidad (77,8%) vs. resto de diagnósticos (28.4%). En TAU + T la mayor proporción se dio entre quienes presentaban IS anteriores (50%) vs. ingresados por primer IS (4.4%). Conclusiones: las personas ingresadas en unidad de hospitalización por un primer IS, parecieron beneficiarse del TAU + T ya que se asoció a una menor recurrencia de los IS posterior al alta.

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Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3