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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Mindfulness Component in a Dialectical Behavioural Therapy Group Intervention for Family Members of Borderline Personality Disorder Patients

Verónica Guillén1,3, Heliodoro Marco1,3, Sara Fonseca-Baeza1, Irene Fernández1, Mercedes Jorquera2, Ausias Cebolla1,3 and Rosa Baños 1,3

1 Universidad de Valencia, and
2 Universidad Católica de Valencia, and
3 Ciber Fisiopatologia Obesidad y Nutrición (CB06/03), Instituto Salud Carlos III

Background: Family members of people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are seriously affected by the disease and it is common for them to ask for professional help. The main objective of this study is to assess, in an open clinical trial, a treatment protocol based on Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) strategies for relatives of individuals with BPD, compared to the same protocol plus a mindfulness component (DBT-M). Method: The interventions were conducted in a sample of 108 relatives of 83 patients diagnosed with BPD from a Specialized Unit for Personality Disorders. Relatives and patients completed the assessment protocol before and after the intervention. Results: Significant improvements in almost all the relevant variables tested were observed after the treatment in both the relatives and the patients. However, there were only statistically significant differences between the groups in the negative attitude towards the illness, where relatives in the DBT-M condition showed greater improvement than those in the DBT condition. Conclusions: The results indicate that the intervention helps both patients and relatives to improve on key issues. It is essential to consider and offer support to the families of people with severe psychological disorders.

Mindfulness en una Intervención Grupal de Terapia Dialéctica Conductual para Familiares de Pacientes con Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad. Antecedentes: Los familiares de las personas con trastorno límite de la personalidad (TLP) son unos de los grandes afectados por el trastorno, y resulta frecuente que soliciten ayuda profesional. El objetivo estudio es evaluar un protocolo de tratamiento basado en estrategias de Terapia Dialéctica Conductual (DBT) para familiares de personas con TLP, en comparación con el mismo protocolo más un componente de mindfulness (DBT-M). Método: Las intervenciones se realizaron en una Unidad Especializada en Trastornos de la Personalidad, en una muestra 108 familiares de 83 pacientes diagnosticados de TLP. Familiares y pacientes completaron el protocolo de evaluación antes y después de la intervención. Resultados: Se observan mejoras significativas tanto en los familiares como en los pacientes tras el tratamiento, en casi todas las variables relevantes. Sin embargo, sólo hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las dos condiciones en la actitud negativa hacia la enfermedad, donde los familiares en la condición DBT-M mostraron una mejoría mayor que los de la condición DBT. Conclusiones: Los resultados indican que la intervención ayuda, tanto a los pacientes como a los familiares, a mejorar en aspectos clave. Resulta fundamental tener en cuenta y ofrecer apoyo a los familiares de personas con trastornos psicológicos graves.

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Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3