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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Parental Attachment and Satisfaction With Social Life: The Mediating Role of Gelotophobia

Gonzalo Moral-Arroyo1, Carla Canestrari2, Morena Muzi2, Cristian Suárez-Relinque1, Angelo Carrieri2 and Alessandra Fermani2

1 Universidad Pablo de Olavide, and
2 University of Macerata

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate how gelotophobia is related to secure parental attachment, the degree of satisfaction with social life and coping strategies in a non-clinical sample of young Spanish adults. Method: the sample consisted of 306 young Spanish adults (M= 21.4 years; SD= 2.27; 67.6% women). The relationships between the study variables were analysed and a mediation model was tested in which gelotophobia (M) mediated the relationship between secure parental attachment (IV) and the level of satisfaction with social life (DV). Results: a satisfactory social life was related with low levels of gelotophobia and high levels of secure attachment to the father, as well as with the use of positive coping strategies of control and social support. Secure attachment to the father was positively associated with coping strategies focused on seeking social support and negatively associated with gelotophobia. Conclusions: High levels of secure attachment to the father are related to higher life satisfaction mediated by low levels of gelotophobia.

Apego Parental y Satisfacción con la Vida Social: el Papel Mediador de la Gelotofobia. Antecedentes: el objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar la forma en que la gelotofobia se relaciona con el apego seguro parental, el grado de satisfacción con la vida social y las estrategias de afrontamiento en una muestra no clínica de adultos jóvenes españoles. Método: la muestra estuvo conformada por 306 jóvenes adultos españoles (M= 21.4 años; DT= 2.27; 67.6% mujeres). Se analizaron las relaciones entre las variables del estudio y se puso a prueba un modelo de mediación según el cual la gelotofobia (M) media en la relación entre el apego seguro paterno (VI) y el nivel de satisfacción con la vida social (VD). Resultados: una vida social satisfactoria se relacionó con niveles bajos de gelotofobia y altos de apego seguro al padre, así como con el uso de estrategias de afrontamiento positivas de control y apoyo social. El apego seguro al padre se asoció positivamente con las estrategias de afrontamiento centradas en la búsqueda de apoyo social y negativamente con la gelotofobia. Conclusiones: altos niveles de apego seguro al padre se relacionan con una mayor satisfacción con la vida con la mediación de bajos niveles de gelotofobia.

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