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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the European Bullying and Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaires (EBIP-Q and ECIP-Q)

Ildefonso Álvarez-Marín1, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz2, Beatriz Lucas-Molina3, Vanesa Martínez-Valderrey4 and Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero2

1 Universidad Isabel I,
2 Universidad de La Rioja,
3 Universitat de València,
4 Universidad de Valladolid

Background: In order to prevent school bullying and cyberbullying, brief measurement instruments with adequate psychometric properties are required. The objective of this study was to develop a combined reduced version of the European Bullying Intervention Project Questionnaire (EBIP-Q) and the European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire (ECIP-Q) for its use in the screening of bullying-related behaviors at school. Method: The sample consisted of 1777 students, between 14 and 18 years of age (M = 15.71; SD = 1.26), of which 54.1% were female. Results: The resulting reduced version presents adequate psychometric properties with reliability coefficients between ω = .72 and ω = .82. Factor analyses indicate that both bullying and cyberbullying are structured around two factors: victimization and aggression. The correlations between the scores of the original version and the reduced version were adequate. Bullying and cyberbullying was associated with different indicators of socioemotional adjustment. Conclusions: The European Bullying and Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire Brief version (EBCIP-QB) seems to be brief, useful, and have adequate psychometric properties for the assessment of bullying and cyberbullying in Spanish adolescents.

Desarrollo y Validación de una Versión Abreviada de los Cuestionarios European Bullying y Cyberbullying Intervention Project (EBIP-Q y ECIP-Q). Antecedentes: la prevención del acoso y ciberacoso escolar requiere disponer de instrumentos de medida breves y con adecuadas propiedades psicométricas. El objetivo del presente trabajo ha sido desarrollar una versión reducida conjunta de los instrumentos European Bullying Intervention Project Questionnaire (EBIP-Q) y European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire (ECIP-Q) para su uso en el cribado de conductas relacionadas con el acoso escolar. Método: la muestra la integran 1,777 estudiantes, de entre 14 y 18 años (M = 15.71 años; DT = 1.26), de los que el 54.1% son mujeres. Resultados: la versión reducida presenta un comportamiento psicométrico adecuado. Los coeficientes de fiabilidad estimados oscilan entre ω = .72 y ω =.82. Los análisis factoriales indican que tanto el acoso como el ciberacoso escolar se articulan en torno a dos factores: victimización y agresión. Las correlaciones entre las puntuaciones de la versiones original y reducida fueron adecuadas. El acoso y ciberacoso escolar se asoció con diferentes indicadores de ajuste socioemocional. Conclusiones: el Cuestionario Proyecto Europeo de Intervención contra el Acoso y el Ciberacoso - Breve (EBCIP-QB) parece ser un instrumento breve, sencillo y con adecuadas propiedades psicométricas para la evaluación de las conductas de acoso y ciberacoso escolar en adolescentes españoles.

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