INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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Compliance with COVID-19 Preventive Measures: The Role of Intelligence, the Dark Triad and Dysfunctional Impulsivity

Fabia Morales-Vives1, Pere J. Ferrando1, Andreu Vigil-Colet1 and Jorge-Manuel Dueñas1

1 Universitat Rovira i Virgili

Background: Although measures to prevent COVID-19 infection have been greatly relaxed in many countries, they are still quite stringent in others. However, not all citizens comply with them to the same extent. Many studies show the importance of personality traits in predicting compliance with these measures, but it is not so clear what the role of intelligence is. Therefore, we aimed to assess whether intelligence is related to compliance with these measures, and what its predictive role is when considered together with the dark triad and dysfunctional impulsivity. Method: A total of 786 participants answered four questionnaires. We performed correlations, multiple regression analysis, and structural equation analysis. Results: Multiple regression analysis showed that psychopathy and dysfunctional impulsivity were the variables that contributed most to compliance, while intelligence contributed very little. The results of the structural equation modelling suggested that intelligence had only an indirect relationship with compliance, through its relationship with the negative personality traits dysfunctional impulsivity and the dark triad. Conclusions: Intelligence seems to modulate the relationship between negative personality traits and compliance. Therefore, more intelligent people with negative personality traits would not tend to have such low levels of compliance.

Antecedentes: Las medidas para controlar la COVID-19 se han relajado en muchos países, pero algunos todavía mantienen medidas estrictas, aunque hay ciudadanos que las incumplen. Muchos estudios muestran la relevancia de los rasgos de personalidad en la predicción del cumplimiento, pero no está tan claro cuál es el rol de la inteligencia. Por eso, los objetivos eran evaluar si la inteligencia está relacionada con el cumplimiento, y cuál es su papel predictivo cuando se considera junto con la tríada oscura y la impulsividad disfuncional. Método: 786 participantes respondieron cuatro cuestionarios. Se realizaron correlaciones, regresión múltiple y análisis de ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados: El análisis de regresión mostró que la psicopatía y la impulsividad eran las variables con una mayor contribución, mientras que la inteligencia contribuía de forma pobre. Los resultados del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales sugieren que la inteligencia tiene una relación indirecta con el cumplimiento, a través de su relación con la impulsividad disfuncional y la tríada oscura. Conclusiones: La inteligencia parece modular la relación entre los rasgos negativos de personalidad y el cumplimiento de las medidas preventivas, por lo que las personas más inteligentes, pero con rasgos negativos de personalidad, no tenderían a tener niveles tan bajos de cumplimiento.

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