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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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Cyber Dating Violence Instrument for Teens (CyDAV-T): Dimensional Structure and Relative Item Discrimination

Virginia Sánchez-Jiménez1, María-Luisa Rodríguez-deArriba1, Federica Stefanelli2 and Annalaura Nocentini2

1 Universidad de Sevilla,
2 Università degli Studi di Firenze

Background: Validated measures of cyber dating violence are scarce and have barely explored the sexual dimension. The present study advanced this line of research by developing a new instrument that differentiates between sexual, verbal and control dimensions. Method: The instrument was created in four phases: literature review, focus groups with young people, expert review, and creation of the final scale. This instrument was administered to 600 students from high schools in Seville and Córdoba, aged between 14 and 18 (M = 15.54; SD = 1.22). Results: A three-factor latent structure was confirmed for the aggression and victimization scales: verbal/emotional, control, and sexual. Using Item Response Theory, a refined version of the scales resulted in 19 items for both aggression and victimisation. Prevalence analysis showed that verbal/emotional forms were the most frequent, followed by control and sexual. Conclusions: The CyDAV-T instrument can be considered a valid instrument for assessing cyber dating violence in the adolescent population.

Antecedentes: Las medidas validadas de violencia online en la pareja adolescente son escasas y apenas han explorado la dimensión sexual. El presente trabajo avanzó en esta línea de investigación desarrollando un nuevo instrumento que contemplase las formas sexuales, las verbales y el control. Método: La creación del instrumento se desarrolló en cuatro fases: revisión de la literatura, grupos focales con jóvenes, revisión de expertos y creación del instrumento final. Este instrumento fue administrado a 600 estudiantes de institutos de Sevilla y Córdoba, con edades comprendidas entre los 14 y los 18 años (M = 15.54; DT = 1.22). Resultados: Se confirmó una estructura de tres factores latentes para las escalas de agresión y victimización: verbal/emocional, control, y sexual. Utilizando la Teoría de Respuesta al ítem se elaboró una versión depurada de 19 ítems para agresión y victimización. Los análisis de prevalencia mostraron que las formas verbales/emocionales fueron las más frecuentes, seguidas del control y la sexual. Conclusiones: El CyDAV-T se presenta como un instrumento válido para la violencia online en la pareja adolescente.

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