Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
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Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire

Irene Martínez-Hernández1 , Marina Olmos-Soria1, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero2, María Dolores Hidalgo1 and Ana V. Valero-García1

1 University of Murcia (Spain),
2 University of La Rioja (Spain)

Background: There are no validated instruments in Spain for measuring parental feeding styles. The aim was to validate the Parental Feeding Styles Questionnaires (PFSQ) in a Spanish sample. Method: A total of 523 mothers of 523 school-children participated. The children had a mean age of 4.4 years (SD = 1.3), with 51% being boys (M = 4.3 years, SD = 1.4) and 49% girls (M = 4.5 years, SD = 1.3). The PFSQ and the Comprehensive General Parenting Styles Questionnaire (CGPQ) were used. Results: A model of four correlated factors was identified: Prompting/encouraging eating, emotional feeding, instrumental feeding, and control over eating. Cronbach’s alpha for the subscales ranged from 0.64 to 0.86, and McDonald’s Omega coefficient ranged from 0.66 to 0.86. Emotional feeding and prompting/ encouraging eating had values above 0.70, control over eating had a value of 0.68 and instrumental feeding had an alpha coefficient of 0.64 and omega coefficient of 0.66. The factor structure was similar to the original and to other adapted versions. The Spanish sample used more control over eating and prompting/encouraging to eat. Conclusions: The adapted PFSQ is a suitable instrument for assessing the feeding styles of Spanish parents.

Antecedentes: No hay suficientes instrumentos validados en España para medir los estilos de alimentación parental. El objetivo fue validar el cuestionario de estilos de alimentación Parental (PFSQ) en muestra española. Método: Participaron 523 madres de 523 escolares con una media de edad de 4.4 años (DT = 1.3), siendo el 51% niños (M = 4.3 años, DT = 1.4) y 49% niñas (M = 4.5 años, DT=1.3). Se utilizaron el PFSQ y el cuestionario de estilos de crianza general (CGPQ). Resultados: Se identificó un modelo de cuatro factores correlacionados: persuadirle/animarle a comer, alimentación emocional, alimentación instrumental, y control de la ingesta. El alfa de Cronbach de las subescalas osciló entre 0.64 y 0.86, y el coeficiente omega de McDonald entre 0.66 y 0.86. Alimentación emocional y persuadirle/animarle a comer obtuvieron valores superiores a 0.70, control de la ingesta obtuvo 0.68 y la alimentación instrumental, un coeficiente alfa de 0.64 y un coeficiente Omega de 0.66. La estructura factorial coincide con la versión original y otras versiones adaptadas. La muestra española utilizó más el control de la ingesta y persuadirle/animarle a comer. Conclusiones: El PFSQ es un instrumento adecuado para evaluar los estilos de alimentación de los padres españoles.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2023:  SJR = 1.07;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)