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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 2). 250-255




Adaptación española del Ahtlete Burnout Questionnaire(ABQ) para la medida del burnout en futbolistas

Constantino Arce, Cristina de Francisco, Elena Andrade, Iria Arce y Thomas Raedeke*

Universidad de Santiago de Compostela y * East Carolina University

El Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) es un cuestionario de 15 ítems que mide tres componentes del burnout en deportistas: agotamiento físico/emocional, reducida sensación de logro y devaluación de la práctica deportiva. En una investigación preliminar, el ABQ fue traducido al castellano y aplicado a una muestra de 140 jóvenes futbolistas varones. Basándonos en las conclusiones obtenidas en dicho trabajo, en el presente estudio se incluyeron enunciados alternativos para aquellos ítems cuyo funcionamiento no fue satisfactorio. Se aplicó una versión de 21 ítems a 326 futbolistas de ambos sexos con edades comprendidas entre los 14 y 23 años. Mediante análisis de ítems y análisis factorial, el cuestionario fue reducido a 15 ítems. El ajuste de la estructura tridimensional hipotetizada se comprobó mediante un análisis factorial confirmatorio, obteniéndose índices de ajuste aceptables con valores de ,97 para CFI; ,96 para NNFI; ,93 para GFI; ,059 para RMSEA y ,061 para RMR.

Spanish version of Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) for the measurement of burnout in soccer players. The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) is a 15-item questionnaire that comprises three subscales: emotional/physical exhaustion, reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation. In a preliminary work, the ABQ was translated into Spanish and administered to 140 male soccer players. In the present study, we include alternative statements for weaker items. A 21-item version was administered to a sample of 326 soccer players of both sexes aged 14-23 years old. Using item and factor analyses, the questionnaire was shortened to 15 items. Then, the data was submitted to confirmatory factor analysis to corroborate the usual three-factor structure. Overall fit of the model was acceptable with a value of .97 for CFI, .96 for NNFI, .93 for GFI, .059 RMSEA, and .061 for RMR.

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