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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 1). 1-6




Problemas de conducta de los adolescentes en acogimiento preadoptivo, residencial y con familia extensa

Milagros Fernández-Molina, Jorge del Valle, Mª Jesús Fuentes, Isabel María Bernedo y Amaia Bravo

Universidad de Málaga y Universidad de Oviedo

En este estudio se pretende identificar la presencia, gravedad y tipo de problemas de conducta utilizando el Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), que presenta una muestra de 181 adolescentes españoles (11-18 años) procedentes del sistema de protección, así como conocer si existen diferencias en problemas de conducta, según el tipo de acogimiento en que se encuentra el adolescente (preadoptivo, residencial o con abuelos). Los resultados muestran que la mayoría de adolescentes puntúa en el rango normal y que solo un pequeño porcentaje de adolescentes tiene problemas de conducta importantes que les sitúan en el rango clínico de la prueba. En general, se observa que son los adolescentes adoptados los que obtienen mejores puntuaciones en comparación con los adolescentes acogidos por su familia extensa y los acogidos en centros. Se profundiza en los tipos de problemas identificados como más importantes en cada medida y los resultados se discuten en el contexto de modernización del sistema de protección español.

Behavioural problems in adolescents who are in adoption, residential care, and grandparent fostering. The aim of this research is to identify the severity and type of behavioural problems found in a sample of 181 Spanish adolescents, aged 11 and 18, who have been, or still are in the protective system and to provide give up-to-date figures about behavioural problem situations of children are living under protective measures, and to determine the existence of diverse behavioural problems concerning the kind of care the adolescents are receiving (adoption, residential care, or with grandparent fostering). The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used in this study. The results show that most of the adolescents scored within the normal range and only a small percentage of them had important behavioural problems and were therefore situated within the clinical range of the trial. The adopted adolescents scored higher than the adolescents who were either fostered by their extended families or in residential care. The main problems identified in each section are discussed, along with the results, in the context of modernising the Spanish protection system.

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