Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 1). 87-93

Early psychopathological features in spanish adolescents

Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Mercedes Paino, Serafín Lemos-Giráldez, Susana Sierra-Baigrie, Nuria Ordóñez-Camblor and José Muñiz

Universidad de Oviedo

Schizotypal experiences and depressive symptoms are quite common among adolescents, and have been considered as risk markers for schizophrenia-spectrum and mood disorders. The main goal of the present study was to analyze the relationship between schizotypal experiences and depressive symptoms in a community sample of non-clinical adolescents. The sample comprised a total of 1653 participants, 794 male (48%), with an average age of 15.94 years (SD = 1.23). Results showed that schizotypal traits and depressive symptoms were closely related at a subclinical level. Canonical correlation analysis indicated that the two sets of variables shared approximately 48% of the variance. The study of the dimensionality underlying the subscales of the self-reports revealed the presence of three components, namely: Depressive, Anhedonia and Reality Distortion. These results are convergent with previous studies conducted in both clinical and non-clinical samples, indicating overlap between schizotypal experiences and depressive symptoms.

Rasgos psicopatológicos tempranos en adolescentes españoles.Las experiencias esquizotípicas y la sintomatología depresiva son fenómenos psicológicos comunes entre la población adolescente, y han sido considerados como marcadores de riesgo para los trastornos del espectro esquizofrénico y los trastornos del estado de ánimo. El principal objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la relación entre las experiencias esquizotípicas y la severidad de la sintomatología depresiva autoinformada en una muestra comunitaria de adolescentes. La muestra la conformaron un total de 1.653 participantes, 794 varones (48%), con una edad media de 15,94 años (DT= 1,23). Los resultados mostraron que los rasgos esquizotípicos y los síntomas depresivos se encontraron estrechamente relacionados a nivel subclínico. El análisis de correlación canónica indicó que ambos conjuntos de variables compartían aproximadamente el 48% de la varianza. El estudio de la dimensionalidad subyacente a las subescalas de los autoinformes reveló la presencia de tres componentes, a saber: Depresivo, Anhedonia y Distorsión de la Realidad. Estos resultados son convergentes con los estudios previos llevados a cabo tanto en muestras clínicas como no clínicas, indicando el solapamiento entre ambas entidades.


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