Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: Laura E. Gómez Sánchez
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Parental permissiveness, control, and affect and drug use among adolescents

Elisardo Becoña1,2, Úrsula Martínez1, Amador Calafat2, José Ramón Fernández-Hermida3, Montse Juan2, Harry Sumnall4, Fernando Mendes2 and Roman Gabrhelík 5

1 University of Santiago de Compostela,
2 Irefrea,
3 University of Oviedo,
4 Liverpool John Moores University,
5 Charles University in Prague

Background: Parents play an important role in determining the risk of children’s drug use. The aim of this study was to analyse how certain family-related variables (permissiveness toward drug use, and parental control and affect) were linked to the use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis, based on young people’s self-report of such variables. Method: The sample was composed of 1,428 school children (51.8% males) aged between 11 and 19 from Mallorca (Spain). Results: We found that the young people who perceived their parents as permissive and those who perceived less maternal control and higher levels of both paternal and maternal affect were more likely to use alcohol, tobacco and cannabis. Sex differences were found within this pattern. Variables of maternal affect and control were not influential among males, whereas the general pattern was maintained among females. Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of perceived permissiveness and the need of considering parent’s and children’s gender when providing control and affect, as fathers will influence male children whereas mothers will influence female children.

Permisividad, control y afecto parental y consumo de drogas en adolescentes. Antecedentes: los padres juegan un papel importante a la hora de determinar el riesgo del consumo de drogas de sus hijos. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar cómo la permisividad hacia el consumo de drogas y control y afecto del padre y madre estaban relacionadas con el consumo de alcohol, tabaco y cannabis. Método: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 1.428 jóvenes (51,8% varones) de entre 11 y 19 años de Mallorca. Resultados: aquellos jóvenes que percibían a sus padres más permisivos, con menor control por parte de la madre y mayores niveles de afecto tanto materno como paterno, tenían más probabilidades de consumir alcohol, tabaco y cannabis. Se encontraron diferencias en función del sexo dentro de este patrón. Las variables de afecto y control por parte de la madre no fueron influyentes en el caso de los varones, mientras que el patrón general se mantuvo en el caso de las mujeres. Conclusiones: este estudio resalta la importancia de la permisividad percibida y es necesario tener en cuenta el sexo de padres e hijos a la hora de proporcionar afecto y control, ya que son los padres los que influyen en los hijos varones y las madres en las mujeres.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2022:  SJR = 1.097;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)