Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Sequential analysis of an interactive peer support group

Marina Roustan1, Conrad Izquierdo Rodríguez2 and M. Teresa Anguera Argilaga3

1 Psychotherapist,
2 Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona and
3 Universidad de Barcelona

Background: A therapeutic matrix for women who had survived breast cancer was designed by combining the principle of interactive peer support with the exploratory approach of group therapy. Method: An observation instrument was designed and applied to the recorded therapeutic sessions, thereby enabling the multidimensional coding of the interactive support process. Lag sequential analysis was then applied to the data. Results: The analysis revealed patterns of interactive peer support which were conditioned by the therapist’s communicative behaviour and by other derived behaviours. The significant associations correspond to strategies that serve to facilitate the therapeutic factors. Conclusions: The therapist’s behaviour is the fundamental axis around which the corrective process unfolds, and it is this process that facilitates the mobilization of therapeutic factors. The levels of interactive support shown by the group members acquire greater discursive complexity and interpersonal sensitivity as the group sessions progress.

Análisis secuencial de la ayuda interactiva en grupo terapéutico. Antecedentes: se diseña una matriz terapéutica para mujeres que han superado el cáncer de mama combinando el principio de la ayuda interactiva entre iguales con la orientación exploratoria de los grupos terapéuticos. Método: se construye un instrumento de observación de las sesiones terapéuticas registradas que ha permitido la codificación multidimensional del proceso de ayuda interactiva. El análisis se ha llevado a cabo aplicando la técnica de análisis secuencial de retardos (lag). Resultados: se han hallado patrones de ayuda interactiva tomando como referente la conducta comunicativa del terapeuta y otros comportamientos derivados. Las asociaciones significativas tienen sentido como estrategias facilitadoras de los factores terapéuticos. Conclusiones: la conducta del terapeuta es el eje fundamental para el seguimiento del proceso correctivo que facilita la gestión de los factores terapéuticos. Los niveles de ayuda interactiva ganan en complejidad discursiva y en sensibilidad interpersonal a medida que las participantes realizan las sesiones previamente programadas.


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