Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Validity of the DSM-Oriented Scales of the Child Behavior Checklist and Youth Self-Report

Montserrat Lacalle Sisteré, Josep Mª Domènech Massons, Roser Granero Pérez and Lourdes Ezpeleta Ascaso

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Background: The school-age versions of the ASEBA (Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment) incorporate the DSM-Oriented scales. These scales make it possible to quantify and normalize problems defined in the DSM. The objective was to study the incremental validity of the DSM-Oriented scales of the ASEBA inventories, the Child Behavior Checklist - CBCL, completed by parents of children aged 6-18 years, and the Youth Self-Report -YSR, a self-report for children/adolescents aged 11-18, over: (a) scores on the Syndromes Scales for making DSM-IV diagnoses; and (b) diagnoses obtained with structured interviews for the assessment of functioning. Method: A clinical sample of 420 children and adolescents (8-17 years) was assessed with the CBCL, and 108 adolescents were assessed with the CBCL and YSR questionnaires. All underwent a diagnostic interview, and interviewers completed a measure of global functional impairment. Results: The DSM-Oriented scales showed significant incremental validity in conjunction with the Empirical Syndrome scales for discriminating DSM-IV diagnoses, and considerable incremental validity in conjunction with the diagnoses obtained through the diagnostic interview for predicting the level of functional impairment. Conclusion: DSM-Oriented scales should be considered simultaneously with the Syndrome Scales of the ASEBA taxonomy, as they provide useful additional information in the clinical process.

Validez de las escalas DSM del Child Behavior Checklist y el Youth Self-Report. Antecedentes: las formas escolares de ASEBA (Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment) incorpora las Escalas DSM. Estas dimensiones ofrecen la posibilidad de cuantificar y normalizar problemas que figuran en el DSM. El objetivo fue estudiar la validez incremental de las Escalas DSM de los inventarios ASEBA; Child Behavior Checklist - CBCL, contestado por padres de niños de 6-18 años, y Youth Self-Report - YSR, un autoinforme para niños/adolescentes de 11-18 años: a) mediante puntuaciones en las Escalas de Síndromes para realizar diagnósticos DSM-IV; y b) mediante diagnósticos obtenidos con entrevistas estructuradas para evaluar el funcionamiento. Método: se evaluó una muestra clínica de 420 niños y adolescentes (8-17 años) mediante el CBCL y 108 adolescentes fueron evaluados con el CBCL y YSR. Todos contestaron una entrevista diagnóstica y los evaluadores completaron una medida de deterioro funcional global. Resultados: las Escalas DSM suponen un incremento de la validez significativo en relación a las Escalas de Síndromes Empíricos para discriminar diagnósticos DSM-IV, y una considerable validez incremental con respecto a los diagnósticos DICA-IV en la estimación del deterioro funcional. Conclusión: las Escalas DSM deben ser consideradas simultáneamente con las Escalas de Síndromes de ASEBA, puesto que proporcionan información adicional en el proceso clínico.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2022:  SJR = 1.097;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)