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Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Controlling Coach Behaviors Scale in the sport context

Isabel Castillo1, Inés Tomás1, Nikos Ntoumanis2, Kimberley Bartholomew3, Joan L. Duda4 and Isabel Balaguer1

1 University of Valencia (Spain),
2 Curtin University (Australia),
3 University of East Anglia (UK) and
4 University of Birmingham (UK)

Background: The purpose of this research was to translate into Spanish and examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Controlling Coach Behaviors Scale (CCBS) in male soccer players. The CCBS is a questionnaire designed to assess athletes’ perceptions of sports coaches’ controlling interpersonal style from the perspective of the self-determination theory. Method: Study 1 tested the factorial structure of the translated scale using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and provided evidence of discriminant validity. Studies 2 and 3 examined the invariance across time and across competitive level via multi-sample CFA. Reliability analyses were also conducted. Results: The CFA results revealed that a four-factor model was acceptable, indicating that a controlling interpersonal style is a multidimensional construct represented by four separate and related controlling coaching strategies. Further, results supported the invariance of the CCBS factor structure across time and competitive level and provided support for the internal consistency of the scale. Conclusions: Overall, the CCBS demonstrated adequate internal consistency, as well as good factorial validity. The Spanish version of the CCBS represents a valid and reliable adaptation of the instrument, which can be confidently used to measure soccer players’ perceptions of their coaches’ controlling interpersonal style.

Propiedades psicométricas de la versión española de la Escala de Conductas Controladoras del Entrenador en el contexto deportivo. Antecedentes: el objetivo del trabajo consistió en traducir al castellano y examinar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española de la Escala de Conductas Controladoras del Entrenador (CCBS) en futbolistas varones. La CCBS fue diseñada para medir la percepción que los deportistas tienen del estilo interpersonal controlador del entrenador, desde la Teoría de la Autodeterminación. Método: el Estudio 1 analizó la estructura factorial utilizando el Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio (AFC) y ofreció evidencia de validez discriminante. El Estudio 2 y 3 examinaron la invarianza a través del tiempo y del nivel competitivo. También se realizaron análisis de fiabilidad. Resultados: los resultados del AFC revelaron que el modelo de cuatro factores era aceptable, lo que indica que un estilo interpersonal controlador es un constructo multidimensional representado por cuatro diferentes estrategias controladoras de entrenamiento, relacionadas entre sí. Además, los análisis apoyaron la replicabilidad de la estructura factorial a través del tiempo y del nivel competitivo, así como la consistencia interna de la escala.Conclusiones: la CCBS mostró adecuada consistencia interna y validez factorial. La versión española de la CCBS representa una adaptación válida y fiable para medir la percepción que los jugadores de fútbol tienen de los estilos interpersonales controladores de sus entrenadores.


Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 4.104 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3