INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

PSICOTHEMA
  • Director: José Muñiz
  • Frequency:
         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
CONTACT US
  • Address: Ildelfonso Sánchez del Río, 4, 1º B
    33001 Oviedo (Spain)
  • Phone: 985 285 778
  • Fax: 985 281 374
  • Email:psicothema@cop.es

Self-inflicted injuries in adolescents and young adults: A longitudinal approach

David Sánchez-Teruel1, María Auxiliadora Robles-Bello2, and José Antonio Camacho-Conde3

1 University of Cordoba,
2 University of Jaen, and
3 University of Malaga

Background: Suicide has become a major global public health problem in some clinical subpopulations. Adolescents and young adults with self-inflicted injuries or non-suicidal self-harm appear to have been understudied. The aim of this study is to assess which socio-demographic and prior co-morbid psychopathology condition variables in adolescents and young adults with self-inflicted lesions are likely to be more predictive of future self-injury after 12 months.  Method: The eligible participants were 176 people (99 women and 77 men) aged 15-25 (mean = 20.3; SD = 4.56) who were subsequently divided into two groups (those who had been admitted again for self-inflicted injuries or non-suicidal self-harm (104; 59.1%), and those who had not (72; 40.9%) during the following 12 months. Results: The results obtained offer (i) a specific socio-demographic profile in which women (OR [CI95%] = 6.22[6.03-7.11]) aged 21-22 (OR [CI95%] = 4.71[4.29- 5.73]) who are students (OR [CI95%] = 2.99 [1.58-6.01]) are likely to inflict a new self-injury on themselves after 12 months, and (ii) a clear clinical profile where several afflictions are predictors of a new self-injury after 12 months. Conclusions: We discuss the urgent need to develop specific health protocols and improve public health alert measures for certain subpopulations.

Lesiones autoinfligidas en adolescentes y jóvenes: un enfoque longitudinal. Antecedentes: el suicidio se ha convertido en un verdadero problema de salud pública mundial en algunas subpoblaciones clínicas. Los adolescentes y adultos jóvenes con lesiones autoinfligidas o autolesiones no suicidas parecen haber sido poco estudiados. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar qué variables sociodemográficas y comorbilidad psicopatológica previa en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes con lesiones autoinfligidas son más propensas a predecir una autolesión futura después de 12 meses. Método: 176 personas (99 mujeres y 77 hombres) de entre 15 y 25 años (media = 20.3; DE = 4.56) divididos en dos grupos: los ingresados nuevamente por lesiones autoinfligidas o autolesiones no suicidas (104; 59,1%) y aquellos que no lo hicieron (72; 40,9%) durante los siguientes 12 meses. Resultados: los resultados ofrecen (i) un perfil sociodemográfico específico caracterizado por mujeres (OR [CI95%] = 6.22 [6.03-7.11]) de 21 a 22 años (OR [CI95%] = 4.71 [4.29-5.73]) y estudiantes (OR [CI95%] = 2.99 [1.58-6.01]) que pueden autoinfligirse una nueva autolesión después de 12 meses, y (ii) un perfil de comorbilidades psicopatológicas previas claras donde varios trastornos son predictores de una nueva autolesión después de 12 meses. Conclusiones: discutimos la urgencia de desarrollar protocolos de salud específicos y mejorar las medidas de alerta de salud pública para ciertas subpoblaciones.

PDF

Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 3.890 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3