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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Factors associated with mental health in mothers with children under seven

Denise Ruschel Bandeira1, Elisa Cardoso Azevedo1, Beatriz Cancela Cattani1, Mônia Aparecida da Silva2, Euclides José Mendonça Filho1, and Giana Bitencourt Frizzo1

1 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul and
2 Universidade Federal de São João del Rei

Background: This Brazilian study investigated the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD) and their associated factors in mothers of children under seven years old. Method: Participants were 1,172 mothers who answered the SRQ-20 instrument and a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical data. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed to identify the variables with a predictive power on CMD symptoms. Results: The variables with most predictive power were: income, health of the mother during pregnancy, pregnancy desirability and marital satisfaction. Conclusion: There are several personal, relational and socioeconomic factors that affect mother’s mental health. Early interventions are important to reduce problems related to maternal mental health and child development is reinforced, to provide a higher quality of life for the mother-child dyad.

Factores asociados con la salud mental en madres con niños menores de siete años. Antecedentes: esta investigación brasileña investigó la prevalencia de los síntomas de trastornos mentales comunes (TMC) y sus factores asociados en madres de niños menores de siete años. Método: las participantes fueron 1.172 madres que respondieron el instrumento SRQ-20 y un cuestionario sobre datos sociodemográficos y clínicos. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos e inferenciales para identificar las variables con un poder predictivo en los síntomas de TMC. Resultados: las variables con mayor poder predictivo fueron: renta, salud de la madre durante el embarazo, deseabilidad del embarazo y satisfacción con su pareja. Conclusión: existen varios factores personales, relacionales y socioeconómicos que afectan la salud mental de la madre. Las intervenciones tempranas son importantes para reducir los problemas relacionados con la salud mental materna y el desarrollo infantil a fin de proporcionar una mejor calidad de vida a la díada madre-hijo.

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