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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Validity evidence and norms of the Spanish versión of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy

Juan Carlos Sierra, Ana Isabel Arcos-Romero, and Cristóbal Calvillo

Universidad de Granada, Centro de Investigación Mente, Cerebro y Comportamiento (CIMCyC)

Background: Sexual fantasies are described as thoughts or mental images with sexual content. The Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy (HISF) evaluates the positive attitude towards sexual fantasies. The objective of this study was to provide validity evidence of the Spanish version of the HISF and to present its standard scores. Method: The sample was composed of 3,458 adults from the general Spanish population (1,641 men; 1,817 women), distributed across age groups (18-34, 35-49, and over 50 years old). Results: The unifactorial structure of the Spanish version of the HISF showed strict measurement invariance across sex, age range, and education level. Positive attitudes towards sexual fantasies significantly correlated with erotophilia, sexual assertiveness, sexual desire, and sexual functioning. Also, the scale was useful for differentiating between individuals with sexual functioning difficulties and individuals with no difficulties. Finally, the standard scores were obtained based on sex and age range. Conclusions: The Spanish version of the HISF is a reliable, valid, and invariant scale for assessing a positive attitude towards sexual fantasies in people with different sociodemographic characteristics.

Evidencias de validez y baremos de la versión española del Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy. Antecedentes: las fantasías sexuales constituyen pensamientos o imágenes mentales con contenido sexual. El Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy (HISF) evalúa la actitud positiva hacia las fantasías sexuales. El objetivo de este estudio fue aportar evidencias de validez a la versión española del HISF y presentar sus baremos. Método: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 3.458 adultos de la población española general (1.641 hombres, 1.817 mujeres), distribuidos en tres grupos de edad (18-34, 35-49 y 50 años o mayores). Resultados: la estructura unifactorial mostró nivel de invarianza estricta por sexo, rango de edad y nivel educativo. La actitud positiva hacia las fantasías sexuales correlacionó significativamente con erotofilia, asertividad sexual, deseo sexual y funcionamiento sexual. Además, la escala mostró capacidad para diferenciar entre individuos con y sin dificultades en el funcionamiento sexual. Finalmente, se presentan las puntuaciones baremadas por sexo y rango de edad. Conclusiones: la versión española del HISF es una escala fiable, válida e invariante para evaluar la actitud positiva hacia las fantasías sexuales en personas con diferentes características sociodemográficas.

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