Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

  • Director: José Muñiz
  • Frequency:
         February | May | August | November
  • ISSN: 0214-9915
  • Digital Edition:: 1886-144X
  • Address: Ildelfonso Sánchez del Río, 4, 1º B
    33001 Oviedo (Spain)
  • Phone: 985 285 778
  • Fax: 985 281 374

Validation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey in Spanish adolescents

María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes1,2, María del Mar Molero Jurado1, María del Mar Simón Márquez1, Nieves Fátima Oropesa Ruiz1, and José Jesús Gázquez Linares1,3

1 Universidad de Almería,
2 Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, and
3 Universidad Autónoma de Chile

Background: There are a large number of studies in the literature on burnout and its negative consequences for health and psychological wellbeing. Use of the burnout index in the academic context has increased to the point of identifying even the adolescent population. Nevertheless, at the present time there is no validated instrument for evaluating this syndrome in Spanish high school students. In view of this, our study attempted to evaluate the factor structure and reliability of the Spanish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) in a sample of high school adolescents. Method: The sample included 1,209 students in the autonomous region of Andalusia (Spain), of whom 47.1% were boys and 52.9% girls, with a mean age of M=15.07, SD=1.174). Results: The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a model with 12 items showing good fit, distributed across three factors: emotional exhaustion, cynicism and academic efficacy. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that the proposed instrument has an excellent factor structure and internal consistency, and is useful for evaluating academic burnout in the adolescent Spanish high school population.

Validación del Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey en adolescentes españoles. Antecedentes: la literatura científica recoge una gran cantidad de estudios sobre el fenómeno del burnout y sus consecuencias negativas para la salud y el bienestar psicológico. El índice de burnout en el contexto académico ha aumentado, llegando incluso a identificarse en población adolescente. No obstante, actualmente no existe un instrumento validado para evaluar este síndrome en estudiantes españoles de educación secundaria. En base a lo anterior, el presente estudio pretende evaluar la estructura factorial y la fiabilidad de la versión española del Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) en una muestra de adolescentes de educación secundaria. Método: la muestra ascendió un total de 1.209 estudiantes de la comunidad autónoma de Andalucía (España) (47,1% hombres, 52,9% mujeres; edad M = 15.07 años, DT = 1.174). Resultados: el análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio apoyó el modelo con 12 ítems que presentó mejores niveles de ajuste, distribuidos en tres factores: agotamiento emocional, cinismo y eficacia académica. Conclusiones: estos resultados reflejan que el instrumento propuesto posee una óptima estructura factorial y consistencia interna, siendo útil para evaluar el burnout académico en población española adolescente de educación secundaria.


Impact factor 2021:   JCR (WOS): 3.890 (Q1)   |   SJR (Scopus) : 1.308 (Q1)    |  CiteScore 2020: 5,3